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Diabetes is a long-lasting disease that affects how your body turns food into energy. Most of the food you eat is broken down into sugar that then goes to your bloodstream. Then your body produces insulin that acts like a key to let the blood sugar into your body's cells. When sugar cannot enter cells, this means:
If diabetes is not managed appropriately it can lead to health complications (heart attack, stroke, vision loss, kidney disease and limb amputations) or even death. In 2018, 1 in 9 (11.6%) of Kansas adults reported ever being diagnosed with diabetes. That is more than 250,000 Kansans.
It means your blood sugar is higher than normal but not high enough yet to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes is really a wake-up call to turn things around, get healthier, and not get type 2 diabetes down the road.
There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes (diabetes while pregnant). Type 2 diabetes happens when your body does not make or use insulin well and cannot keep blood sugar at normal levels. Some quick facts about type 2 diabetes include:
Since 1 in 3 American adults has prediabetes, the bottom line is that millions are at risk. If you have a family history of diabetes, are overweight and are not physically active on a regular basis, are over age 45 or are African-American or Hispanic, you have a greater chance of developing prediabetes. Could you have prediabetes? Visit the Centers for Disease Control website to Take a Prediabetes Test.