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While AFM can be caused by the polio virus, CDC is currently reporting that none of the recent cases have tested positive for the polio virus.
We typically have had between 0 and 2 cases a year since 2014 when surveillance for AFM began. AFM became a reportable disease in Kansas on May 11, 2018. All suspect cases should be reported within 24 hours to KDHE or your local health department.
Often following a respiratory illness, the symptoms may occur:
Contact your healthcare provider as soon as possible if you see any symptoms of AFM in yourself or your child, for example, if your child is not using his/her arm, or other signs of sudden muscle weakness.
AFM can be diagnosed by examining a person's nervous system which includes a physical examination of weakened muscles and reflexes, taking a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan of the brain and spinal cord, and testing stool, respiratory, sera, and cerebral spinal fluid specimens.
It is important that tests are done as soon as possible after someone develops symptoms.
No. Kansas regulations do not allow for the collection of paint chip samples by anyone other than a certified risk assessor or lead inspector who is employed by a licensed lead activity firm.
Firms must be licensed by KDHE. To become licensed, renovation contractors must submit an application and fee payment to KDHE. An application can be found here. Once licensed, the firm will be able to advertise that they are a KDHE licensed company under the RRP program and you will be given the authorization to use KDHE's Licensed Renovator Firm logo. If you would like to have a copy of the logo, please send an email request.
Renovations covered by the rule must be performed or directed by a Certified Renovator. Individuals can become certified renovators by completing a one-day training course in Lead-Safe Work Practices. A list of KDHE accredited training providers can be found here. All applications for licensure must be received within 1 year from the completion date of your LSWP training class. If it has been over a year since your training, you will be required to take a 4-hour refresher course.
The processing time of applications is generally around 7 days as long as all information submitted on the application is correct and complete. You will be notified of any missing information needed and will have 30 days to submit any additional documentation.
All renovation work that is included in the Renovation, Repair and Painting rule must be done by a licensed firm only. All work must be ceased until your company and employees are properly trained and licensed.
As of April 09, 2010, Kansas was authorized to run our own RRP program. You are only required to be licensed in Kansas if you are performing the work in Kansas. If you are also working outside of Kansas, you will need to contact the EPA to see if you are required to be licensed with them or if that state has their own RRP program.
Yes. RRP applies to all schools public, private and alternative. The RRP rule affects all facilities where children are present under the age of 6 that visit the property at least 2 different days in a week with each days visit lasting 3 hours or more and a combined visit of 6 hours a week with an annual visit of 60 hours.
The processing time of applications is generally around 7 days as long as all information submitted on the application is correct and completed. You will be notified of any missing information needed and will have 30 days to submit any additional documentation.
Yes. This is considered a coating.
Yes, you will need both the individual and the firm license.
Yes, if you do maintenance or repair work on the rental unit.
No, your tenants cannot perform the work on the property unless they are a licensed renovator and either employed by or licensed as a renovation firm. Rent is considered compensation under the rule.
A list of licensed firms can be found here. You can also send an email or call Phone: 866-865-3233 to speak to a staff member who can assist you to find out if a firm is licensed.
One calendar month is the monitoring period for bacteriological (Total Coliform Rule) compliance.
The number of samples required depends upon water source type and population served.
View the Bacteriological Number of Samples Chart (PDF).
Please take your sample the next Monday, Tuesday, or Wednesday that does not fall on or around a holiday. The sample must be collected within the scheduled month.
The Kansas Department of Health and Environment discontinued coliform testing of private well samples on August 1, 1989. Assuring the safety of private drinking water supplies really requires an assessment of the well location and construction as well as a site assessment for potential contaminants. For example, a poorly constructed well could be free of contaminants one day and then become highly contaminated the next after a heavy rainstorm washes contaminants into the well. A single sample is not a true indicator of the overall safety or purity of the water.
A list of private labs to sample well water or test for Cryptosporidium, or Giardia, can be found online.
Make sure that you keep these up to date at all times. If there are any changes please make sure that the Public Water Supply Section is notified at (785) 296-6340. The lab prepares kits for mailing about 6 weeks ahead of the collection date, so it is very important that you update your information as soon as possible. You can also print off a PWS Contact Change Form (PDF) and return it to:KDHE Bureau of Water1000 SW Jackson Street, Suite 420Topeka KS 66612-1367
If your water system collects 6 or fewer routine samples per month, bottles are mailed from the KDHE lab to you via the U.S. Post Office on or around the 15th of the previous month. If you collect 7 or more routine samples per month, they are mailed to you via UPS on or around the 20th of the previous month. Your kits should arrive at you around the 1st of the month in which you need to collect them.
If you do not receive your collection kits by the 10th of the month, call 785-296-0971 for a replacement.
Pay close attention to the suggested collection date on the submission forms. Because the KDHE Laboratory sends the bottles out 10 to 15 days ahead of the month due, they can arrive in the month previous to the collection date. If you collect this bottle before the designated collection month, you might have collected too many samples in one month and not enough the next month and you might be out of compliance for the next month.
If the date, time, collection location or the collector's name is missing, we will call you one time using the number we have on file. We will leave a message with the clerk, secretary, or answering service for you to call us. You will have until 12 (noon) the next day to return the call, or we will reject the sample and send you a replacement (Yellow - REPL card) kit for you to collect another sample.
If you realize that you left off information after sending your sample, you can call the lab at 785-296-0971, and we can update your form when the sample arrives at the lab.
Yes, please do not rinse the bottle. The manufacturer adds sodium thiosulfate to each bottle prior to sterilization. Depending on the environmental conditions, the sodium thiosulfate could be liquid droplets or dry out and leave a powder. The sodium thiosulfate removes the chlorine from the sample and works in either liquid or powder form.
If the cap is loose but the safety seal is still intact, then the bottle should be OK! If the lid has fallen off, or you have a concern about the bottle integrity, then call 785-296-0971 for a new bottle.
If you have Total Coliform or E. Coli detected in a routine water sample:
Please call the KDHE lab at 785-296-0971, and we will send a replacement if needed. We would like to have the affected bottle number(s) at the time of the call and the submission form(s) for our records, so we ask that you send those form(s) in with your next sample and its completed paperwork.
You may collect it at any place on your registered site plan, but it is good practice to collect it at the original location.
Three repeat samples are required to be collected within 24 hours of learning of positive results if possible. One Repeat sample is required to be collected from the original coliform-positive site, one from within 5 service connections upstream of the original site, and one from within 5 service connections downstream of the original site.
Any Law Enforcement agency can become a Breath Alcohol Program (BAP) certified agency. There are several steps to becoming a certified agency. First, contact the BAP at 785-296-1642 or via email. An agency application will be provided to your agency. The application must be filled out and returned to KDHE for approval. The officers at the agency wanting to become certified operators must submit a training application and attend an Intoxilyzer 9000 class. If the agency also wants an instrument, they need to specify this when contacting the BAP. If the agency is granted an instrument, a BAP staff member will set up the instrument at the agency and instruct the custodian on his/her responsibilities. The instrument will be tested at the agency when it is set up.
To become a certified operator, an individual must submit a training application to KDHE. The training application can be downloaded from the Breath Alcohol Laboratory Program page. The individual will be placed on the roster of the class they have selected, if available. A confirmation email will be sent to the Agency Custodian two weeks prior to the class date. The individual must attend, complete and pass the Intoxilyzer 9000 training course. After completing and passing the course, the newly certified operator will receive an operator's certification card.
The class schedule is located on the Breath Alcohol Laboratory Program page. To determine if a class is full or if an individual from your agency is in a specific class, contact the Breath Alcohol Program (BAP) at 785-296-1642 or via email.
The renewal process occurs at the end of each calendar year. An application is sent to all certified agencies in October. This application contains all the necessary paperwork for renewal. The application is sent via email to the Agency Custodian. All operators that expire in the given calendar year must complete the required online continuing education course to renew their certification. If you have any questions, contact the Breath Alcohol Program at 785-296-1642 or via email.
Continuing education is stipulated in K.A.R. 28-32-10(d). All certified operators must complete the online continuing education training at least once every two years to renew their certification. The online training is located on the Kansas Train website. If you have any questions, contact the Breath Alcohol Program at 785-296-1642 or via email.
Please, go to the Breath Alcohol Laboratory Program page to download the form you need.
The change of status form is used to notify the Breath Alcohol Program (BAP) when a certified operator leaves an agency, comes to an agency or changes their name. The change of status form can be downloaded from the Breath Alcohol Laboratory Program page. Complete the appropriate information to delete, transfer or change the name of an operator. If you have any questions, contact the BAP at 785-296-1642 or via email.
Contact Breath Alcohol Program (BAP) staff to notify them of the issue. The BAP staff may be able to assist so the instrument can be returned to service. If the BAP staff are unable to assist and determine the instrument does need to go for repair, we will help complete the CMI Service Evaluation form. Please indicate to the BAP staff member whether a loaner instrument is desired. Include the completed form in the box with the instrument and mail it to CMI. Their address is located at the bottom of the evaluation form. Remember to remove your gas cylinder prior to boxing your instrument. Following repair, the instrument will be sent to the BAP to verify the instrument and then returned to your agency. If you have any questions, contact the BAP at 785-296-1642 or via email.
Check to determine the repaired instrument has been verified by a Breath Alcohol Program (BAP) staff member. The yellow service work order form should have the date and initials of a BAP staff member that performed the post-repair verification. You should also have maintenance log entries showing that the repair records have been entered into the instrument. If anything is missing contact the BAP prior to setting up the instrument. If the paperwork is all located, set up your instrument, perform a 'standard change' (if required) and perform a Weekly QC check using the "return" option. The instrument has now been returned to service and is ready for use.
Note: If the operator needs to renew their certification during the current calendar year, add their name, operator number, and a box in front of their name to the Operator Certification Renewal Application and mark the box to reflect their intent to renew.
If you have any questions, contact the BAP at 785-296-1642 or via email.
As of November 18, 2016, there is a $750 fee for each construction approval application. This change is a revision to Kansas Administrative Regulation (K.A.R.) 28-19-304(a).
The check should be made out to the Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE).
We request facilities submit one copy.
KDHE requests the original and two copies of the application, including all supporting documentation shall be submitted for PSD permit applications.
The application for a notification of construction or modification of a stationary source or emissions unit shall be made by the owner or operator. An owner or operator is defined as "any person who owns, leases, operates, controls, or supervises an affected facility, emissions unit or stationary source subject to any standard or requirement of the Kansas air quality act, Kansas Statutes Annotated (K.S.A.) 65-3001 et seq., or any rule and regulation promulgated thereunder."
Yes. KDHE has prepared an expedited emergency generator application. All applications and reports are located in the Kansas Environmental Information Management System (KEIMS). Please visit the KEIMS page to set up your KEIMS account.
KDHE has prepared a Change of Ownership form. All applications and forms are located in the Kansas Environmental Information Management System (KEIMS). Please visit the KEIMS page to set up your KEIMS account.
You can conduct your own test if you are currently a certified Method 9 observer. You do not have to be certified specifically in Kansas.
KDHE has developed an Informational Sheet on Confidential Information (PDF), which includes procedures for requesting that information be kept confidential and what information can be kept confidential.
Kansas Administrative Regulation (K.A.R.) 28-19-300 requires a construction permit or approval to be issued before "beginning actual construction or modification" if the increase in potential-to-emit resulting from the project exceeds certain levels. Land can be cleared, contracts made, and equipment may be purchased and stored on site prior to permit or approval issuance, but foundation work is considered to be "beginning actual construction" and must wait until after issuance.
Equipment whose emissions contribute to the requirement to obtain a construction permit or approval cannot be permanently affixed or installed prior to issuance of the permit or approval. Any activity conducted prior to the issuance of the permit is conducted at the owner or operator's financial risk and shall not be a factor during the application review.
We encourage you to read the construction permit or approval carefully, since these documents obligate each facility to certain requirements. The following is a list of requirements that are sometimes overlooked:
If you are still able to operate within the limits of your Class II permit, then a new construction permit or approval does not affect your Class II permit. If you exceed the operational limits of the Class II permit, then you are required to file the appropriate application for permit modification or for a Class I permit within 180 days after exceeding the operating permit operational restriction, as required by Kansas Administrative Regulation (K.A.R.) 28-19-501(c)(2)(C).
If the new construction permit or approval allows new pollutants that would make the facility a major source, or if potential emissions are increased above major source thresholds, then you will be required to add new restrictions in the existing Class II permit or apply for a Class I permit within one year as required by K.A.R. 28-19-541(a) and 510(e).
The rule says that it only applies to facilities that are located "... in an area which has been identified as not meeting the national primary ambient air quality standard for ozone in the manner prescribed by the provisions of the federal Clean Air Act, 42 U.S. Code 7407 as promulgated at 40 Code of Federal Regulations Part 81, as in effect July 1, 1989."
Johnson and Wyandotte Counties have achieved attainment status, but the area is in maintenance status and is very close to exceeding the ozone standard currently. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires that a maintenance area retain existing control measures - including RACT rules - to assure continued maintenance of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards.
KDHE will evaluate requests on a case-by-case basis. Please send your request to:KDHE Bureau of AirAir Compliance and Enforcement Section1000 SW JacksonSuite 310Topeka, KS 66612-1366
KDHE cannot grant extensions for performance test time frames in federal rules, including Parts 60 and 63.
While KDHE does not regulate non-road mobile engines, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has mandated the Clean Air Non-road Diesel Rule, which aimed to lower all non-road diesel fuel to ultra-low sulfur diesel (15 parts per million (ppm)) after 2014. All non-road engines and equipment must use this fuel. A non-road engine is an internal combustion engine that meets any of the following criteria:
An internal combustion engine is not a non-road engine if it meets any of the following criteria:
The facility is subject to certain New Source Performance Standard (NSPS) OOOO requirements for drilling and well head completions for gas wells, including a green completion or a combustion control device (40 Code of Federal Regulations 60.5375(a)). KDHE has prepared a Gas Well Notification Form that must be submitted to Environmental Protection Agency Region 7 and KDHE for initial drilling. If this is an activity other than initial drilling, a construction permit/approval may be required.
All applications and forms are located in the Kansas Environmental Information Management System (KEIMS). Please visit the KEIMS page to set up your KEIMS account.
Please visit the Air Permits Section of our staff directory to learn more about who you should contact with your permit questions.
No, there is no requirement to notify the department of the change in responsible official. A Responsible Official is defined as:
The original and two copies of the application, including all supporting documentation shall be submitted for Class I Operating permit applications. One copy of the Class II application must be submitted.
Exempt activities are activities, not otherwise triggering any specific applicable requirement, the emissions of which are beyond the scope of the permit program. These activities do not need to be listed in the permit application.
The principles used to establish lists of exempt activities (which the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) calls "trivial" activities) are:
The applicability of the "exempt activity" concept to the operating permit and construction permit programs should be identical. That is, an activity that is exempt from the operating permit program should also be exempt from the construction permit program. In the event that an activity listed as exempt in the operating permit program is deemed to have emission levels under some circumstances that would trigger an applicable requirement such as a construction permit, it cannot be viewed as an exempt activity. Similarly, if an activity needs to have some form of emission limit applied to it in order to be placed on the exempt list, it should not be on the list. If the emissions from the activity are not below permit or approval thresholds (even though it may not have applicable requirements), it should be looked at as an insignificant activity, not an exempt unit.
Refer to the list of exempt activities in the Class I Operating Permit application glossary for a complete description. All applications and reports are located in the Kansas Environmental Information Management System (KEIMS). Please visit the KEIMS page to set up your KEIMS account.
Many stationary sources discharge visible emissions into the atmosphere; these emissions are usually in the shape of a plume. A Method 9 test involves the determination of plume opacity. Opacity is the amount of light obscured by pollution. A person conducting a Method 9 must be certified. Method 9 can be found in 40 Code of Federal Regulations, Part 60, Appendix A.
A qualitative assessment is an observation of visible emissions, or opacity, from a stationary source. The person responsible for making qualitative opacity assessments must be knowledgeable about the effect on visibility of emissions caused by background contrast, ambient lighting, observer position relative to lighting, wind, and the presence of uncombined water in the plume. A qualitative assessment is a brief description of the visible emissions. The qualitative assessment is not required to be six minutes long, and the observer is not required to be certified.
Records usually required for qualitative assessments include: time and date assessment occurred, whether emissions appeared normal, a description of the emission point from which any unusual emissions emanated, steps taken to correct any abnormal emissions, and the name of the person conducting the assessment, and any other information required by the permit.
CAM is an acronym for Compliance Assurance Monitoring. The Clean Air Act requires compliance assurance monitoring (CAM) for major stationary sources of air pollution that are required to obtain operating permits under Title V. CAM requirements are outlined in 40 Code of Federal Regulations, Part 64. CAM requires monitoring for each emissions unit that is a major source, and that relies on pollution control equipment to achieve compliance with one or more emission standards. CAM requirements do include sources of hazardous air pollutants and emission standards for hazardous air pollutants.
KDHE has developed an Example Semiannual Report (PDF). This format may need to be modified to include requirements that are specific to your facility.
No. If the emission unit isn't operating during the reporting period, a test is not required.
If the facility operates only 3 months per year, conduct a Method 9 during that time period. If the emission units do not operate during the remaining 9 months, a second Method 9 is not required. Municipal power plants sometimes start units up for a very short time to perform maintenance checks and operator training. Fire pumps and emergency generators are also occasionally started up for maintenance checks. Such startup is not considered operating time, if units are not used for generating power or pumping water. Therefore, Method 9 tests and qualitative assessments would not be required unless the emission unit operates.
Update your Class I permit application to include the new MACT standard. If you know how the facility will comply with the new rules, you can include this in the permit application. Review the new rules carefully, and submit required notifications. 40 Code of Federal Regulations 63.9(b) requires an initial notification within 120 days after the effective (promulgation) date of the standard. The notification should be submitted to:Mr. Ward BurnsAir Permitting and Compliance BranchU.S. EPA Region 711201 Renner BoulevardLenexa, KS 66219
KDHE requests that a copy of the initial MACT notification be submitted to the Bureau of Air. The copy should be submitted to:KDHE Bureau of AirAir Compliance and Enforcement Section1000 SW JacksonSuite 310Topeka, KS 66612-1366
KDHE relies on the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Guidance on Calculating Potential to Emit (PTE) for Emergency Generators (PDF), which describes the parameters within which the generator must operate to be considered an emergency generator for these purposes. The intent and usage of the generator must be consistent with the guidance.
KDHE supports improving compliance with environmental laws and regulations by encouraging the use of self-audits, voluntary disclosure of violations, and the implementation of environmental management systems by the regulated community. If a member of the regulated community submits a self disclosure for violations and KDHE determines the violations are not eligible for immunity from penalties, KDHE will take those good faith efforts into consideration when assessing the necessary response.
We also encourage you to contact the K-State Small Business Environmental Assistance Program at 800-578-8898 for confidential help with questions about air permits.
A stack test measures the amount of a specific pollutant or pollutants being emitted through regulated stacks at facilities subject to the requirements of state and federal regulations and permit conditions. Stack testing is an important tool used to determine a facility's compliance with emission limits. Many companies hire contractors to conduct performance tests. KDHE maintains a list of contractors who are available for performance testing in Kansas as well as a List of Performance Testing Companies (PDF). The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) also maintains a list of national performance testing companies; visit the Air Emission Measurement Center page to view said list.
In addition, KDHE provides Performance Testing Guidelines to help facilities and stack testing companies prepare protocols for, conduct, and prepare reports for performance tests in Kansas.
If the test is required to demonstrate compliance with a federal rule, then a written request for an alternative test method should be sent to Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 7, and the request will be forwarded to EPA Headquarters. The EPA will respond in writing, approving or denying the request for an alternative test method. If the test is required to demonstrate compliance with a state only rule, then a written request should be sent to KDHE. KDHE will respond in writing. The addresses to send such requests are as follows:Kansas Compliance OfficerAir Permitting and Compliance BranchU.S. EPA, Region 711201 Renner BlvdLenexa, KS 66219
Air Compliance and Enforcement SectionKDHE Bureau of Air1000 SW JacksonSuite 310Topeka, KS 66612
Kansas Administrative Regulation (K.A.R.) 28-19-645 prohibits open burning, with a few exceptions outlined in K.A.R. 645-648 (PDF); this regulation can be found on page 100. Contact the KDHE District Office or Local Agency Air Program of the county where you wish to burn for more information.
If you still have questions, please contact the Compliance and Enforcement Section by calling 785-296-6422.
KDHE is aware of three smoke schools in the area. These and other companies also conduct smoke school in neighboring states. Tests are normally conducted twice a year, with one in the spring and another in the fall.
Eastern Technical Associates (ETA)Phone: 919-878-3188ETA Website
AerometPhone: 573-636-6393Aeromet Website
All facilities that are required to apply for a Class I or Class II operating permit must submit an annual emissions inventory. See Kansas Administrative Regulations (K.A.R.) 28-19-517 (Class I inventory and fee requirements) (PDF) and K.A.R. 28-19-546 (Class II inventory requirement) (PDF) for the regulations pertinent to your facility.
See Kansas Administrative Regulation (K.A.R.) 28-19-517(c)(3) (PDF) for more information.
Yes. If your facility did not operate in the previous calendar year and you want to keep your operating permit active, you must submit an annual emissions inventory.
Provided your facility continues to have an active operating permit you must submit an annual emissions inventory. If your facility shut down its operations and you wish to terminate your operating permit, you must notify the Bureau of Air in writing.
Confidential information can be labeled as such within the State and Local Emissions Inventory System (SLEIS) utilizing the CBI checkbox location on the Process tab under Process Emissions.
There are currently no fees associated with inventory from Class II facilities unless the Class II emission thresholds have been exceeded.
Class II facilities will begin paying emission inventory fees for tons of criteria pollutants and hazardous air pollutants emitted beginning with the 2024 reporting year on inventory reports that will be due on April 1, 2025.
See Kansas Administrative Regulation (K.A.R.) 28-19-517(c)(3) (PDF).
The sum of the seasonal throughput percentages represents the total amount of time you operated during the calendar year, not the percentage of your capacity that you operated. The sum of the percentages should always equal 100%. For example, if you burned 90 million cubic feet of natural gas from June to August, 10 million cubic feet of natural gas from September to November and no natural gas during the other quarters, you would enter:
December to February is to be December, January, and February of the same calendar year, which are not consecutive months. The four quarters are operating seasons and should equal 100%.
If these types of records are kept at your facility, determine the average hours/day, and days/week based on your operations during the peaking period. If you do not have this information, please provide your best estimate based on your knowledge of your process.
All emissions of criteria pollutants and their precursor pollutants must be reported including carbon monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), all forms of particulate matter (PM2.5-Filterable, PM10-Filterable, and PM-Condensable), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Emissions of ammonia (NH3) must also be reported.
All emissions of hazardous air pollutants (HAPs), as listed in Kansas Administrative Regulations (K.A.R.) 28-19-201(a) (PDF), greater than 20 pounds (0.01 tons) per year (facility-wide) must be reported.
There are many activities that have the potential to produce minor emissions that are not required to be reported. Examples of activities that are exempt follow, but are not limited to:
Note: emissions that are a result of routine activities at the facility, even those that may be listed as Insignificant within an Operating Permit, are not exempt and are expected to be reported for annual emissions inventory purposes.
Yes, fugitive emissions must be reported per Kansas Administrative Regulation (K.A.R.) 28-19-517(a)(2)(B) (PDF).
Fugitive emissions include emissions from processes directly related to your operations. Only the vehicles hauling material need to be included in your calculation of haul road emissions. You do not need to include security vehicles or other light duty vehicles.
Please use only the mass of the of metal HAP component. The Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) numbers for the metal elements can be found in Appendix B (PDF). HAPs that contain metal components and shall be reported include:
VOC include any compound of carbon that participates in atmospheric photochemical reactions, excluding:
The compounds that KDHE has designated as having negligible photochemical reactivity are listed within Kansas Administrative Regulation (K.A.R.) 28-19-201(b) (PDF). Emissions of these compounds do not have to be reported as a VOC, although some of these compounds are hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) and must be reported as HAPs.
Through the Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) program, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has provided guidance on what compounds are included in the glycol ethers category; view the EPA's TRI Guidance Document (PDF), online. Chemicals listed in this document should be reported as glycol ethers.
Kansas Administrative Regulation (K.A.R.) 28-19-210(f)(1) (PDF) specifies that all emissions during startup, shut down, control equipment malfunctions or by-passes or other periods of greater than normal emissions should be calculated as if the emissions unit was being operated without air emission control equipment unless a more accurate manner of calculating actual emissions is demonstrated by the owner or operator and approved by the department.
These emissions should be reported on the inventory along with the facility's other actual emissions for the calendar year using a unique process identifier for malfunctions or upsets.
All forms of Particulate Matter (PM) shall be reported. Particulate Matter (PM) is all finely divided solid or liquid material, other than uncombined water, emitted to the ambient air, inclusive of all particle sizes capable of being airborne:
All subsets of Particulate Matter (PM) shall be reported when applicable:
The appropriate Particulate Matter (PM) emission factor to use will vary depending on what information is available for your particular process. Our current guidance is as follows:
Please note that KDHE requests only the filterable and condensable components of particulate matter, which is in turn used to calculate the primary component of particulate matter.
The following are examples of possible PM emissions calculation scenarios. If you need additional assistance with PM emission factors, please contact us.
For an uncontrolled industrial boiler firing distillate oil, Table 1.3-6 in AP-42 lists the following PM-filterable emission factors:
For an uncontrolled industrial boiler firing distillate oil, Table 1.3-2 in AP-42 lists the following PM-CON emission factor: 1.3 pounds per 1000 gal fuel.
In this case, the proper emission factors are:
For an uncontrolled natural gas fired boiler, Table 1.4-2 in AP-42 lists the following PM emission factors:
A footnote states that all PM is assumed to be less than 1 micrometer in diameter, and, therefore, these factors can be used to calculate PM-10 or PM-2.5.
For an uncontrolled preheated kiln in a cement manufacturing process, Table 11.6-2 in AP-42 lists a filterable total suspended particles (TSP) emission factor of 250 pounds per ton clinker produced. There is no information on PM-10 or PM-2.5 emissions or condensable particulate matter emissions. In this case, the filterable TSP emission factor would be used to calculate PM-10 and no PM-2.5 emissions would be calculated.
Use the emission factor for VOC.
Kansas air regulations define "stack height" as the distance from the ground level elevation at the base of the stack to the elevation of the stack outlet (see Kansas Administrative Regulation (K.A.R.) 28-19-18b(c)).
We have not established a formal standard for accuracy due to the wide variety of types, locations and applications for the equipment in question. We request that actual measurements be conducted for information such as stack height and diameter if facility plans are not available due to the age of the emissions unit. For taller, inaccessible stacks, this may involve using an inclinometer and a rangefinder. Information such as flow rate and temperature can be taken from design plans, old stack tests, or estimated based on process knowledge.
We do not expect facilities to conduct stack tests to obtain this information.
The Air Monitoring and Planning Section staff provides technical services and scientific data to the Bureau to maintain and improve Kansas air quality. Activities include administration of the air monitoring and modeling program and the emissions inventory program. Section staff also operates the air monitoring network, in cooperation with two local agencies, which provides air quality data from 20 sites around the state. The air monitoring data is analyzed to determine compliance with the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) and to evaluate air quality trends.
Staff members also conduct an annual emissions inventory of pollutants emitted from permitted facilities and other sources for the entire state. Emissions inventory data is used to conduct air quality modeling. Modeling aids in understanding the causes of air pollution and to develop pollution reduction strategies in targeted areas. Pollution reduction strategies are incorporated into state implementation plans (SIP) to protect public health, welfare and the environment from the negative effects of air pollution.
The National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) were established in the original Clean Air Act (CAA) and revised in 1990. NAAQS are standards set for each air pollutant anticipated to endanger public health or welfare. Pollutants in this category, termed criteria pollutants, include:
There are two types of air quality standards. The primary standard is designed to protect public health with an adequate safety margin. Permissible levels of each pollutant were chosen to protect the health of the most susceptible individuals in a population, including children, the elderly, and those with chronic respiratory illnesses. The secondary standard is designed to protect public welfare and ensure quality of life. Air quality conditions described by the secondary standard may be the same as the primary standard and are chosen to limit economic damage as well as harmful effects to buildings, plants, and animals. The Kansas Ambient Air Monitoring Network measures six criteria air pollutants. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) calculates the Air Quality Index (AQI) for five major air pollutants regulated by the Clean Air Act (CAA):
Sources of air pollution are divided up into four categories:
Point sources are large, stationary sources of emissions. Examples of point sources are natural gas compressor stations, petroleum refineries and grain processing or storage facilities. Non-Point sources are smaller, generally more numerous sources whose individual emissions do not qualify them as point sources. Although area sources release relatively small amounts of air pollutants on an individual basis, because of the numbers of these sources, their emissions as a whole are significant. Examples include household solvents and paints, motor vehicle refueling and residential fuel combustion.
On-Road Mobile Sources are sources of air pollution that are not stationary, and can typically be driven on a highway such as cars, trucks, buses and motorcycles. Non-Road Mobile Sources are also not stationary, but typically are not driven on highways. Examples of Non-Road Mobile Sources include lawnmowers, locomotives, and tractors.
There are many adverse health effects from elevated air pollutant levels, and both the symptoms and the severity of the effect can vary greatly from person to person. Some health effects of elevated air pollutant levels include difficulty breathing, chest pains, coughing, and headaches. People with asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, or other upper respiratory illness are often more susceptible to adverse health effects caused by elevated air pollutant levels.
Determining the quality of the air on a daily basis is difficult for the average person. To help the public understand the quality of the air the Environmental Protection Agency created the Air Quality Index (AQI).
Similar to the weather in Kansas, the quality of the air can change from day to day. In order to help citizens understand the quality of the air on a day to day basis, the KDHE provides real-time monitoring data from the Kansas Air Quality Monitoring Network. This monitoring data is used by the Environmental Protection Agency to calculate the Air Quality Index for areas with population of 350,000 people or more as required by federal law. Knowing the local air quality forecast is especially important to people with respiratory illnesses.
If you have arthritis, taking part in physical activity can improve your pain, function, mood and quality of life. Joint-friendly physical activities are low-impact, which means they put less stress on the body, reducing the risk of injury. Examples of joint-friendly activities include walking, biking, and swimming. It can also help you manage other chronic conditions like diabetes, heart disease and obesity.
Before beginning any exercise, you should first talk with your doctor. You should seek answers to these questions:
Stay as active as your health allows, always talk with your doctor and be mindful of your symptoms. Remember, some physical activity is better than none.
When you are physically active, it is important to listen to your body. Start slow, consider how you are feeling, and adjust your activity levels on days when your arthritis symptoms flare up. Use the talk test to see your activity level. See if you can talk through your activity; if so this is a low to moderate level activity. If you cannot hold a conversation, you are engaging in vigorous activity. If you are not sure where to start, or are looking for a little extra support, talk to your doctor or call or visit your local parks and recreation department and ask about the types of activities that fit your needs.
With arthritis it is normal to have some pain, stiffness and swelling after exercise. It may take several weeks for your body to get used to your new physical activity level, sticking with it will result in long-term relief. Other tips if you have pain include:
There are many great ways to get active. Talk to your doctor about physical activity and what might be right for you! Some examples include:
We receive a set of computer-generated random phone numbers with Kansas-specific area codes. These are produced from all working phone numbers, both listed and unlisted.
The "Do Not Call" list is for companies trying to market or sell products to the public. We are calling to do a health survey and are not trying to sell you anything.
Still have questions, you may can call and speak to a Survey Supervisor at 1-866-445-1429.
The survey usually takes about 20 minutes, but it can depend on how you answer each question. If it gets too long or you need a break, we can schedule a call back time.
We supervise interviewers at our location who administer surveys, ensuring quality control, confidentiality and the collection of high-quality data.
Previous survey questions can be read here. Data is collected for more than 40 characteristics that describe health.
Yes, it will be kept confidential.
The survey is completely anonymous, and we combine your answers with everyone else's. This means that your data can never be tracked back to you. Additionally, those that analyze and use the data are never able to see individual responses.
No. Services you receive from the State of Kansas will not be affected by your taking part in the survey. In fact, no one will know you took the survey unless you tell them.
Our questions help determine potential health problems for certain health conditions. So, it is important that people in good or excellent health as well as those in poor health have a chance to answer questions.
Diabetes is a long-lasting disease that affects how your body turns food into energy. Most of the food you eat is broken down into sugar that then goes to your bloodstream. Then your body produces insulin that acts like a key to let the blood sugar into your body's cells. When sugar cannot enter cells, this means:
If diabetes is not managed appropriately it can lead to health complications (heart attack, stroke, vision loss, kidney disease and limb amputations) or even death. In 2018, 1 in 9 (11.6%) of Kansas adults reported ever being diagnosed with diabetes. That is more than 250,000 Kansans.
It means your blood sugar is higher than normal but not high enough yet to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes is really a wake-up call to turn things around, get healthier, and not get type 2 diabetes down the road.
There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes (diabetes while pregnant). Type 2 diabetes happens when your body does not make or use insulin well and cannot keep blood sugar at normal levels. Some quick facts about type 2 diabetes include:
Since 1 in 3 American adults has prediabetes, the bottom line is that millions are at risk. If you have a family history of diabetes, are overweight and are not physically active on a regular basis, are over age 45 or are African-American or Hispanic, you have a greater chance of developing prediabetes. Could you have prediabetes? Visit the Centers for Disease Control website to Take a Prediabetes Test.
Are you younger than 21 for cervical or younger than 40 for breast health concerns? Call 877-277-1368 to ask about eligibility or find out what resources may be available.
If a screening test shows a problem, Early Detection Works will pay for most follow-up tests to find out if you have cancer or a pre-cancerous condition. The health care provider will work with you to make follow-up appointments.
Women who are Kansas residents and diagnosed with breast or cervical cancer through this program may be eligible for referral to KanCare (Kansas Medicaid). Other treatment options may be available for women not eligible for KanCare.
If you have more questions, please call 877-277-1368.
Palliative care is patient and family-centered care that improves the quality of life for those who face a serious, potentially life-limiting condition by addressing the physical, intellectual, emotional, social and spiritual needs throughout the illness.
Palliative care can provide patients relief from symptoms like pain, anxiety, shortness of breath, fatigue and other challenges that are the result of a chronic or serious condition, and the treatments for that condition.
Palliative care supports the patient, and their families.
Palliative care can be provided at any age to someone who has a serious, potentially life-limiting condition. As with adult patients, pediatric and neonatal palliative care can improve the quality of life of patients and their families. Serious, potentially life-limiting conditions can include:
You may want to consider palliative care if you or your loved one:
You may also consider your answers to 5 Questions (PDF). Then make an appointment to talk with your healthcare provider about the desire for you or your loved one to receive palliative care.
A primary goal is to reduce the symptoms and stress of living with your condition. The overall goal is to improve quality of life, which means helping the patient live their life to the fullest they are able.
It is never too early to start palliative care. In fact, palliative care occurs at the same time as all other treatments for your illness and does not depend upon the course of your disease. Palliative Care planning does not have to take long or be difficult. Consider the following questions when planning:
The availability of palliative care in Kansas varies by community. Hospitals, outpatient clinics, nursing facilities and even your home can be locations to receive palliative care.
If you think you or your loved one could benefit from palliative care, speak with your health care provider, get connected through the Kansas Aging and Disability Resource Center or use your zip code with a Palliative Care Provider Directory.
Insurance such as Medicare, Medicaid, and most commercial insurers will cover appointments with related co-payments and deductibles. Call your insurance company to see what they cover.
Palliative care is provided by a team of professionals, including physicians and nursing specialists, social workers, pharmacists, nutritionists, religious or spiritual advisors and others. The team works together to offer:
Both types of care focus on improving quality of life of patient and family through symptom and supportive care. Hospice care is at the end-stage of an illness. Palliative care is available at any stage of a disease. Key differences are explained in our Hospice Versus Palliative Care Flyer (PDF).
Other common palliative care questions are answered in the following 10 Must-Know Truths (PDF).
A committee will sort through art for each grade level until they come to a unanimous decision on the top five pieces of art. The artwork is then sent out in a survey to all KDHE employees. These votes will determine the winners.
Since we accept artwork from all over the state, school size varies greatly. By keeping voting internally, we can keep voting fair and not have a large school outvote a smaller one.
No. Unfortunately, we receive hundreds of submissions for each grade level. Getting everyone's artwork back to the right person would be very difficult. We recommend you make copies of your student's artwork before you send it in.
Artist's choice! Colored pencil, crayon, paint, charcoal; we have seen it all.
The teacher of the winning student will be contacted by email. Winners will also be announced on the Keep It Clean Kansas Facebook and Instagram pages.
Unfortunately, due to COVID-19, we will not be having a party. We are sad that we won't celebrate the winners in person, but everyone's safety is a top priority. We will be using the funds generally spent on the party to award each of the winners a gift card.
No. KHEL's database date stamps all sample paperwork with a Sunday collection date because it identifies Sunday as the first day of the week. The lab is suggesting you collect within the week following the Sunday date, not the Sunday itself. Please collect all samples as soon as you can and return them as instructed.
Excluding asbestos, all samples required under the Phase II/V Rules are collected from each point-of-entry to the distribution system, commonly referred to as a POE. The POE is a location after which raw water has been treated but before treated water has entered the distribution system. Each POE sample location should be marked by a metal tag stamped with an eight-digit identification number. The sample paperwork you receive from the lab will always specify the collection site.
The nitrate MCL is different for community and non-community water systems. The MCL for community systems is 10 mg/L but for non-community systems is 20 mg/L. Non-community systems with a nitrate level above 10 mg/L are required to post public notice, but they do not incur a violation unless they exceed 20 mg/L.
You must notify your customers of the violation by distributing public notice. The envelope containing your notice of violation letter also contained the forms you need to fulfill this requirement. The paperwork you received includes a public notice template with some mandatory information already filled in for you, and a Certificate of Delivery. The public notice must be distributed as described in your letter. After you issue the notice, the Certificate of Delivery and a copy of the notice you distributed must be sent to KDHE within ten days.
No. The Public Water Supply Section does not have access to KHEL reports. If you would like to request a copy of your sample results, please contact the lab at 785-296-1620.
The nature of the concern determines if another agency such as the Department for Children and Families (DCF), law enforcement, fire marshal, or food program may be involved in an investigation. For example, if a child care complaint includes concerns of abuse, neglect, or lack of supervision, a DCF social worker may accompany the surveyor.
When a surveyor is conducting an investigation with another agency, each agency will conduct its own investigation and document its own findings. Even though other agencies involved may have no findings, there may be noncompliance cited by the surveyor. Other agency results must be requested from that agency.
If a complaint is unsubstantiated the complaint displayed through the Online Dissemination System will indicate - unsubstantiated. If noncompliance was found unrelated to the complaint, those findings are available online.
If the complaint is substantiated:
Reports of the provisions year’s information are required every year from community water supply systems. A copy of what was distributed/made available to the customers and the completed Certificate of Delivery is due to KDHE by July 1st of each year.
Three years is how long the Public Water Supply Section is required to maintain copies of their Consumer Confidence Report.
Mid-March of each year, KDHE prepares the CCR for all community water supply systems and mails them out to the Administrative Contact listed for each water supply system.
Please complete the Blank Certificate of Delivery (DOC).
Yes. State veterinarians have confirmed several cases of dog deaths due to harmful algal bloom toxins within the state of Kansas. When a HAB is present, pets should not be allowed near the shore where decaying algae may be visible. Ingesting enough toxin, either through drinking the water, licking the affected water or algae from their fur or paws, or eating the decaying algae, could lead to illness or death. Horses and cattle are also very susceptible to toxins due to the quantity of water they consume, and they should not drink water from ponds or lakes with a blue-green algae bloom. Pets and livestock should not be allowed in or near ponds or lakes with a blue-green algae bloom.
If a bloom is suspected, take the following precautions for your livestock and animals:
Remove jewelry, watches, clothing, and other items that are in contact with the skin, and wash them thoroughly. Wash the affected area thoroughly with soap and water. Wash exposed clothing, keeping it separate from non-affected clothing. If rashes or other symptoms occur, seek medical attention immediately.
Please consult your physician or veterinarian immediately. Let them know exactly when, where, and how the suspected or known exposure occurred, and ask them to review symptoms. There are no antidotes to algal toxins, but there may be treatment options. Physicians and veterinarians are asked to report all human and animal harmful algae-related illnesses to KDHE, but members of the public may do so as well. The KDHE Bureau of Epidemiology and Public Health Informatics (BEPHI) investigates reports of illness from blue-green algae bloom exposure. If an illness complaint states that exposure occurred at a Kansas body of water that has not been sampled for HABs, BEPHI completes a blue-green algae bloom investigation request for the lake.
Illness reports can be submitted at:
Where a HAB is present, avoid coming into contact with lake water as much as possible. Rinse fish with potable water prior to cleaning. Discard entrails and other body parts, and consume only the fillet portion. There have been some studies indicating that consumption of fish from lakes with high toxin levels should be limited, even if the consumption is of fillet only. In the case where a lake is posted as "Closed," fishing should not be allowed on the waterbody.
As defined in the KDHE Agency Response Plan:
"a private water body is any freshwater reservoir or pond that is both located on and completely bordered by the land under common private ownership or is not accessible to the general public (i.e., access by the general public is controlled or restricted in some manner. "
Lakes that are a part of the Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks, Tourism Walk-In Fishing Access, and Walk-in Hunting Access Program will be treated as public waters when these lakes are open to the public and could be included in HAB response during the HAB season (April 1st to October 31st).
KDHE does not sample or provide laboratory analysis for private ponds. See our "How do I recognize an algal bloom?" page, which includes photos along with instructions on conducting a Jar Test (PDF) for a preliminary determination of whether a HAB may be present. Water samples for blue-green algae identification can be submitted to a private laboratory or the Kansas State Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory. For more information, please contact KSVDL Client Care at 866-512-5650 or visit their website.
Contact your local veterinarian, county extension agent, or the Kansas State Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory for help with this issue. Veterinarians or members of the public can complete the secure online form to notify KDHE of a potential pet or livestock illness from HABs. Animal illness reports can be submitted to the KDHE Bureau of Epidemiology. As KDHE does not test private waters for blue-green algae blooms, you will need to go through a private laboratory or the Kansas State Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory if you wish to sample the waterbody in question.
If your project is considered research and it uses information from human subjects, it should be reviewed by an IRB. If your research uses data from KDHE collected on human subjects or is funded in any part by KDHE and involves human subjects, then it should be reviewed by the KDHE IRB.
The KDHE IRB meets quarterly in Topeka, Kansas. Please email the IRB Chairperson for the date and time of the next meeting. Each project that needs full review by the KDHE IRB must submit required paperwork no less than two weeks before a scheduled IRB meeting. A representative from the project should also plan to attend the quarterly meeting to give a brief overview of the project and answer any questions. If travel to Topeka presents an undue burden, please contact the IRB Chairperson.
The KDHE IRB has at least five members of varying backgrounds in order to provide a complete and adequate review of human research and its institutional, legal, scientific, and social implications. The Board also includes at least one member who is not affiliated with KDHE and one member who is not a scientist.
Kansas Ambient Air Quality summary data for PM10 were collected by utilizing the query tool in AQS Discoverer Web. Only sites with annual data completeness greater than or equal to 75% were included in this summary. For counties with more than one monitor, the displayed results for each monitor in that particular county appear in the graphs as dashed lines, with the average concentration for the county displayed as a solid line.
Kansas Ambient Air Quality summary data for PM2.5 were collected by utilizing the Standard Report Criteria Selection tool in AQS. AMP 450 was the report generated to produce the data used for this summary. Only sites with annual data completeness greater than or equal to 75% were included in this summary. For counties with more than one monitor, the displayed results for each monitor in that particular county appear in the graphs as dashed lines, with the average concentration for the county displayed as a solid line.
Kansas Ambient Air Quality summary data for O3 were collected by utilizing the AIR Explorer website. Data for ozone season in Kansas were analyzed, which runs from April 1 through October 31 each year. Only sites with ozone season data completeness greater than or equal to 75% were included in this summary. Data completeness was determined by viewing the Monitor Values Report produced by the AirData website. For counties with more than one monitor, the displayed results for each monitor in that particular county appear in the graphs as dashed lines, with the average concentration for the county displayed as a solid line.
Air Explorer is a collection of user-friendly visualization tools for air quality analysts. The tools generate maps, graphs, and data tables dynamically. Currently, the tools access ambient concentration data from EPA's Air Quality System (AQS). View the EPA Air Data webpage.
AQS Discoverer Web
Discoverer is a business intelligence tool from Oracle Corporation for retrieving data from relational databases (i.e., an ad hoc query tool.) Discoverer is available to all registered AQS users. View the EPA Air Quality System webpage.
Air Quality System (AQS)
The Air Quality System (AQS) is EPA's repository of ambient air quality data. AQS stores data from over 10,000 monitors; 5000 of which are currently active. As discussed in more detail elsewhere, State, Local and Tribal agencies collect the data and submit it to AQS on a periodic basis. This area is primarily intended for direct users of AQS, i.e., those in the state, local and tribal agencies, and within EPA who load data into the AQS database or use data from this database for analysis. View the EPA Air Quality System webpage.
The AirData website gives you access to yearly summaries of United States air pollution data, taken from EPA's air pollution databases. The data include all fifty states plus the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. AirData has information about where air pollution comes from (emissions) and how much pollution is in the air outside our homes and workplaces (monitoring). View the AQS Data Mart webpage.
Occupational & Environmental Health Epidemiology
Surveillance indicators allow a state to compare its health or risk status with that of other states, evaluate trends over time within the state, and helps guide priorities for prevention and intervention efforts. This document presents 20 occupational health indicators that provide information about the health status of the working population in Kansas with respect to workplace injuries and illnesses. The data are from 2009, the most recent data available. Data from subsequent years will be added as it becomes available.
Read through the Occupational Health Indicators in Kansas (PDF).
Symptoms and the severity of the effect of poor air quality can vary greatly from person to person. Some health effects of poor air quality include difficulty breathing, chest pains, coughing, and headaches. People with asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, or other upper respiratory illness are often more susceptible to adverse health effects caused by poor air quality. Determining the quality of the air on a daily basis is difficult for the average person. To help the public understand the quality of the air the Environmental Protection Agency created the Air Quality Index (AQI). To access information for Kansas, go to the AirNow website.
Particulate Matter (PM) is a broad classification of non-gaseous pollutants that consist of very fine solid particles and liquid droplets or aerosols. Examples of these solid particles can include dust, dirt, soot, and particles in smoke. Some particles are directly emitted into the air from sources such as vehicles, factories, construction sites, tilled fields, unpaved roads, stone crushing, and burning of wood. Other particles may be formed in the air when gases from burning fuels react with sunlight and water vapor such as fuel combustion in motor vehicles or at power plants. Particles can be suspended in the air for long periods of time and vary in size.
PM causes a wide variety of health and environmental issues. Health issues include aggravated asthma; respiratory symptoms such as coughing and difficult breathing; chronic bronchitis; decreased lung function and premature death. Elevated PM concentrations result in increased hospital admissions and emergency room visits for people with heart and lung disease. Health problems for sensitive people increase if they are exposed to high levels of PM for several days in a row.
Ground-level ozone triggers a variety of health problems including asthma attacks, reduced lung capacity, and increased susceptibility to respiratory illnesses like pneumonia and bronchitis. Ozone can cause permanent lung damage after long-term exposure. Ozone can irritate lung airways and cause inflammation. Other symptoms include wheezing, coughing, pain when taking a deep breath, and breathing difficulties during exercise or outdoor activities. People with respiratory problems are most vulnerable to elevated ozone levels.
The Kansas Environmental Information Management System (KEIMS) is the new online data management system built to improve communication, enable sharing of site information, and increase the ease and accessibility of business conducted between various regulatory programs within KDHE and the regulated community. KEIMS can be accessed by both internal users (state employees) and external users (site owners, consultants, etc.) to create and manage applications, submissions, and even payments.
This combining of multiple databases in the Division of Environment will create efficiencies to benefit state employees, the regulated communities, and the public.
Anyone who is regulated or involved with the KDHE regulatory oversight of environmental sites in Kansas. This includes, but is not limited to:
After creating a KEIMS account, you will be able to submit, review, and revise a variety of documents pertaining to your site(s) including:
You will also be able to make and track payments for fees and invoices.
Simply visit the KEIMS website.
Call 785-296-1123 to be directed to the Bureau and program that you need or use the following directory:
Syndromic surveillance is a strategy used by public health for early event detection and to monitor the health of the community. It uses information, such as chief complaints from people seeking acute care, to identify emerging trends of public health concern. The data are grouped into syndromes based on the patient's symptoms, and statistical algorithms are run to identify unusual temporal and geographic patterns that might indicate situations of concern.
NSSP stands for the Center for Disease Control's National Syndromic Surveillance Program. Read the NSSP fact sheet from the CDC.
Find NSSP information on the CDC website.
Links to other states sites can be found on the NSSP Community of Practice website.
Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-Based Epidemics (ESSENCE) and Kansas Syndromic Surveillance Program (KSSP) data can be accessed by contacting KSSP and completing a data request form or Data Use Agreement. Please email KSSP.
NSSP data and data accessed through ESSENCE is fully de-identified. There is no personally-identifying information.
Information on Meaningful Use and links to Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) documentation are available on the KDHE Kansas Promoting Interoperability page.
KKDHE operates a statewide, complaint-based response program. Any member of the public can submit a complaint. In response to each report of a harmful algal bloom in a publicly accessible waterbody, the KDHE Bureau of Water (BOW) works with the Bureau of Environmental Field Services (BEFS) to coordinate an investigation that includes field validation of the complaint, followed by water sample collection and analysis. An outline of the agency's response program can be found here. The response program coordinates closely with the Public Water Supply Section (PWSS) when there are HAB complaints about water bodies that serve as a source for public water supplies.
In addition to receiving and investigating complaints of blue-green algae blooms in public water bodies, KDHE also tracks and investigates reports of human and animal algae-related illnesses. The KDHE Bureau of Epidemiology and Public Health Informatics (BEPHI) receives these reports; click here for more information from BEPHI.
KDHE has historically responded to HAB issues in Kansas lakes. Due to the increase in notable HAB occurrences, the agency began formalizing a complaint-based response program in 2010. Once a complaint has been validated through field observations, a sample is collected. The sample is examined for the presence of blue-green algae and tested for toxins.
A standard protocol is followed to determine whether public advisories should be issued and to decide the next course of action for monitoring the affected water body. The current HAB season extends from April to October when lakes are most likely to be affected by HABs and members of the public are most likely to recreate in waterbodies.
If a HAB is confirmed in a public water body, KDHE issues advisories works with lake managers to inform the public, and continues to monitor the waterbody until the bloom has subsided.
The KDHE protocols can be found in the "Harmful Algal Bloom KDHE Agency Response Plan."
No, KDHE does not have the authority to close a lake. However, KDHE does make public health recommendations and advisories based on analytical results. The lake management officials determine whether and when to actually close lakes or beaches. If there are questions about whether a lake is closed, look at the current watch/warnings tab on this website, consult individual lake websites, or call lake management offices for additional information.
Due to limited resources, KDHE samples only public use lakes and does so only in response to complaints of human or animal illness or visual sighting of possible blue-green algae by the public or by lake managers. For KDHE to respond to a blue-green algae sighting, a request must be made through the online Algae Bloom Reporting Form. Alternative reporting options include sending an email or calling the HAB hotline at 785-296-1664. Individuals who use these alternative options should expect a time delay, as staff must manually transfer email or phone complaints into the online reporting system.
From recommendations by the World Health Organization and many years of data and statistical analyses, KDHE has established the following recommendations for three advisory levels: Watch, Warning, and Hazard. However, Kansans should be aware that blooms are unpredictable. They can develop rapidly and may move across a lake due to wind or other hydrologic processes, requiring visitors to exercise their best judgment. If there is a surface scum or paint-like surface, or if the water is bright green, avoid contact and keep pets away. These are indications that a harmful bloom may be present. Remember, "When in doubt - stay out!"
Public Health Watch
Harmful algal bloom (HAB) Watch serves as an advisory to notify the public that hazardous conditions are possible or present. A Watch is issued based on visual confirmation of a bloom, microcystin toxin concentrations, and/or blue-green algae cell counts. Visual confirmation is determined by qualified KDHE staff working with lake managers and/or managing agencies using jar tests, photographs, or site visits. A Watch is issued if it has been analytically determined that the microcystin toxin concentration in the water is greater than 4 µg/L but less than or equal to 8 µg/L and/or blue-green algae cell counts are greater than 80,000 cells/mL but less than or equal to 250,000 cells/mL.
The following guidelines are recommended for a public health watch:
Harmful algal bloom (HAB) Warning serves as an advisory to notify the public that conditions are expected to be unsafe for human exposure. A warning will be issued if it has been analytically determined that the microcystin toxin concentrations are greater than 8 µg/L but less than or equal to 2,000 µg/L and/or blue-green algae cell counts are greater than 250,000 cells/mL but less than or equal to 10,000,000 cells/mL. If there is verification of significant blue-green algae surfaces scum present, a "Warning" may be issued based on visual confirmation prior to sample collection.
The following guidelines are recommended for a public health warning:
Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB) Lake/Beach Closure notifies the public that extreme conditions exist. At this level, it has been analytically determined that the microcystin toxin concentration is greater than 2,000 µg/L and/or cyanobacterial cell count is greater than 10,000,000 cells/mL. It is recommended that either a portion of the lake, entire lake, or zone, be closed and in some cases, the adjacent land (e.g., approximately 100 feet from the shoreline) be closed to the public. Actual setback distances will be determined on a site-specific basis, if necessary. When partial closures (i.e., beach or cove) are issued, the remaining lake or zone area will carry a warning status.
Check the KDHE website for the most up-to-date information about public health watches and warnings at Kansas public lakes, or call the Harmful Algae Bloom Hotline at 785-296-1664. Advisories are posted on the KDHE Harmful Algal Bloom Website. Lake managers are responsible for posting signs at beaches, docks, and other lake entry points to notify citizens of harmful algae to bloom advisories. Contact local lake managers for lake-specific information.
All community water systems and non-transient non-community water systems are subject to the Lead and Copper Rule requirements.
Lead and copper analytical results are evaluated against an action level, not an MCL. The lead action level is exceeded if the concentration of lead in more than 10% of tap water samples collected during any monitoring period is greater than 0.015 mg/L (i.e., if the 90th percentile level lead level is greater than 0.015 mg/L). The copper action level is exceeded if the concentration of copper in more than 10% of tap water samples collected during any monitoring period conducted is greater than 1.3 mg/L (i.e., if the 90th percentile copper level is greater than 1.3 mg/L). All samples that meet the proper site selection and sample collection procedures are used to determine the 90th percentile calculation, even if you collect samples from more sites than required.
The 90th percentile is calculated separately for lead and copper.
If you are required to collect more than five samples:
Repeat this procedure for copper sample results, except compare the 90th percentile copper level against its action level of 1.3 mg/L. If your 90th percentile value is greater than 1.3 mg/L, you have an exceedance.
If you are required to collect five samples:
You can also use this Excel spreadsheet (XLSX), which will automatically calculate your 90th percentile once you enter your Lead and Copper results in the respective cells.
Contact Kansas Health and Environment Laboratories (KHEL) at: 785-296-1620 and the Public Water Supply Section at: 785-296-5514.
You may change sample locations if a sample site is deemed unacceptable for Lead/Copper sampling. This can include homes with whole system water softeners, a residence that has been unoccupied for a long period of time, or a location where homeowners are uncooperative. If a sample location needs to be changed, contact the Public Water Supply Section at: 785-296-5514. Also note a change on your Lead and Copper Sample Site Plan with a brief reason for the location change, and send it in to the Public Water Supply Section.
Corrosion control is a set of corrective actions that may be required if the 90th percentile action level for either copper (1.3 mg/L) or lead (0.015 mg/L) is exceeded. KDHE will notify you via letter with requirements if your water system is subject to corrosion control.
Per Federal Regulation, water systems are required to notify homeowners that participated in Lead and Copper sampling of their residence's results. KDHE has a template letter that water systems may use. After all participating homeowners are notified water systems are required to send a completed Certification of Delivery form to the Public Water Supply Section.
After taking a Lead and Copper sample, you have 14 days to send in collected sample bottles.
The symptoms of measles generally begin about seven to 14 days after exposure but can take as long as 21 days. The symptoms include:
A typical case of measles begins with fever, cough, runny nose, and red eyes. Two or three days after symptoms begin, tiny white spots may appear inside the mouth. Three to five days after the start of symptoms, a flat red rash appears on the face, usually at the hairline, and spreads downward to the chest and back. When the rash appears, the fever may spike to more than 104 degrees Fahrenheit. After a few days, the fever usually subsides and the rash fades in the order it appeared.
Infected people can spread measles to others from four days before through four days after the rash appears.
There is no treatment or cure for measles. Medical care is supportive and can help relieve symptoms and address any complications that may develop.
Measles can be serious in all age groups. However, children younger than 5 years of age and adults older than 20 years of age are more likely to suffer from measles complications. Common measles complications include ear infections and diarrhea. Some people may suffer from severe complications, such as pneumonia (infection of the lungs) and encephalitis (swelling of the brain). Complications can result in hospitalization and even death. Measles may cause pregnant women to give birth prematurely or have a low-birth-weight baby.
If you have been exposed to measles and have a fever, stay home except to see a health care provider. If you need to see your health care provider, call ahead so that appropriate measures can be taken to avoid spreading measles to others.
Getting the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine is the best way to prevent measles. You are considered to be protected against the measles virus if you have records showing:
The Medical Reserve Corps (MRC) is a group of locally organized healthcare and non-healthcare volunteers working to strengthen the health and safety of communities. The goal of the MRC is to identify, credential, train, and prepare volunteers before a natural disaster or incident. The MRC believes that prepared communities lead to prepared states, which creates a prepared nation.
Yes! There is a wide variety of MRC workers. Healthcare professionals are always needed, but non-healthcare professionals can provide valuable help, too. If you are older than 18 and in good health, contact your local MRC unit today.
Kansas MRC units participate in a wide range of activities. No two KS MRC units are exactly the same! Here is a random sampling of just some of the activities that KS MRC is involved in:
The time commitment is minimal. We ask that you participate in unit activities when you are available. Most units hold meetings throughout the year to keep volunteers up-to-date with current activities. Additionally, there is the need to stay current with any required unit trainings.
There are several ways to apply to join a unit:
Consider starting your own unit! Visit our Starting a KS MRC Unit page.
No. The KS MRC is strictly a volunteer organization. Any time that you are willing to give will be appreciated.
Each Kansas MRC units should have responsibility for providing liability coverage. Make sure to check with the local unit coordinator to see what their policy is for liability coverage.
The System for Emergency Response Volunteers in Kansas is a web-based alerting, management and credentialing system used by the Kansas Department of Health & Environment and Medical Reserve Corps Unit Leaders for the management of volunteers who desire to support public health activities and emergencies. Volunteers who are interested in responding to a natural disaster or public health emergency can register in this platform. Healthcare professionals who register, and include health professional license details, will have the credentials verified.
SERV-KS is not a volunteer group or organization. It is simply a tool to collect information potential volunteers and assist the Kansas Medical Reserve Corps units.
Mow & Go is an outreach campaign that encourages the public to mulch-mow or grass-cycle their leaves and grass clippings. Leaves and grass clippings are a valuable resource that many property owners let go to waste every spring, summer, and fall. Instead of taking advantage of the natural fertilizer that leaves and grass clippings create, homeowners landscapers and property managers often bag up the excess clippings and send them to the landfill where they take up valuable space and release harmful gas into the environment.
Mulch-mowing has many benefits for you, for your lawn, and for the environment:
The green benefits of mulching-in-place:
Testing is the only way to know if your baby has hearing loss. The earlier a hearing loss is found, the better it is for the baby. If your baby has hearing loss, there are many ways we can help your baby. Finding hearing loss early can make a big difference in your baby's life.
A hearing screener will test your baby and tell you the results or tell you if more tests are needed. The test is safe and painless. A few babies will need a more complete set of hearing tests by an audiologist, so you may be asked to bring your baby back. If your baby needs more testing, get it done as soon as possible.
Yes, some babies hear well enough to pass the first test, but lose their hearing later because of:
Watch for signs of hearing loss as your baby grows.
Most babies who have hearing loss will hear and respond to some sounds. Therefore, diagnose hearing loss is impossible without using the proper test equipment.
Ambas pruebas son rápidas (5 a 10 minutos), sin dolor y se pueden hacer mientras el bebé esta durmiendo o acostado.
Si su bebé no tiene factores de riesgo para la pérdida auditiva y ha pasado la prueba de audición del recién nacido, entonces el doctor de su bebé seguira evaluando la audición y habla/desarrollo del lenguaje de su bebé junto con otras etapas de desarrollo en cada una de las visitas regulares de su bebé.
Si su bebé no pasa la prueba de audición al nacer, no necesariamente significa que su bebé tiene pérdida auditiva. Pero para estar seguro, es extremedamente importante hacer pruebas adicionales. Esto debe incluir una evaluación auditiva más completa y una evaluación médica. Estas pruebas deben realizarse tan pronto sea posible, pero definitivamente antes de que su bebé tenga 3 meses de edad. Estas pruebas pueden confimar si la audición es normal o no.
Si su bebé no recibió la prueba de audición, llame al doctor de su bebé y pida que su bebé sea evaluado. La audición puede ser evaluada a cualquier edad. Hable con el doctor de su bebé si tiene alguna duda en cualquier momento acerca de la audición o el desarrollo del lenguaje de su bebé.
La prueba es la única manera de saber si su bebé tiene pérdida auditiva. Mientras más rápido se diagnostica la pérdida auditiva, es mejor para el bebé. Si su bebé tiene una pérdida de audición, hay muchas maneras en que podemos ayudar a su bebé. Identificar enseguida pérdida de audición puede hacer una gran diferencia en la vida de su bebé.
Una persona especializada tomará la prueba a su bebé y le dirá los resultados o le dirá si se necesitará más pruebas. La prueba es segura y sin dolor. Pocos bebés necesitarán un conjunto más completo de pruebas por un audiólogo, asi que le pueden pedir que traiga a su bebé otra vez. Si su bebé necesita más pruebas, hágalas lo más pronto posible.
Si, algunos bebés escuchan lo suficientemente bien como para pasar la primera prueba, pero pierden más tarde la audición a causa de:
Esté atento a las señales de pérdida de audición mientras el bebé crece.
La mayoría de bebés que tienen pérdida auditiva escucharán y responderán a algunos sonidos. Por lo tanto, diagnosticar pérdida auditiva es imposible sin utilizar el equipo de prueba adecuado.
If your baby does not have risk factors for hearing loss and has passed the newborn screen test, then your baby's doctor will continue to assess your baby's hearing and speech/language development along with other milestones at each of your baby's regular visits.
If your baby does not pass the hearing screen at birth, it does not necessarily mean that your baby has hearing loss. But to be sure, it is extremely important to have further testing. This should include a more thorough hearing evaluation and a medical evaluation. These tests should be done as soon as possible, but definitely, before your baby is 3 months old. These tests can confirm whether a hearing is normal or not.
If your baby did not receive a hearing screen, call your baby's doctor and ask to have your baby screened. Hearing can be screened at any age. Talk with your baby's doctor if you have any concerns at any time about your baby's hearing or speech development.
If your well is located within the study area and you have not received a letter, please contact FHSU:
The list below provides labs that accept private water well samples and offer testing on some or all of the parameters included in the study; contact the labs for more information on costs and testing services.
For additional questions on sampling outside of the study area, please email the Kansas Department of Health and Environment or call 785-296-7770.
Pandemic influenza is a worldwide outbreak of disease that occurs when a new influenza A virus to which people have little or no immunity appears in humans then spreads easily from person to person. The symptoms of such a virus would probably be similar to those of seasonal influenza, but the duration and/or severity of the symptoms might be different.
The virus would spread the same way as a seasonal influenza virus. The prevention and treatment measures for such a virus would also be the same as for seasonal influenza. The H5N1 "bird flu" is one virus that could potentially cause a pandemic. Any one of several other new or unusual strains of influenza could also cause a pandemic.
Three major influenza pandemics swept the globe during the 20th century causing millions of deaths. No one knows when the next pandemic may strike or which variation of the influenza virus it will be. Efforts are underway to combat the serious impact a pandemic could have on Kansans.
Pandemic influenza is a worldwide outbreak of disease that occurs when a new influenza A virus to which people have little or no immunity appears in humans then spreads easily from person to person. Currently, there is no pandemic flu or influenza.
Avian or "bird flu" is caused by avian influenza viruses, which occur naturally among birds.
The flu is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses. In Kansas, the peak of the season is generally January or February. Vaccinations are available for seasonal flu in the fall of each year.
Visit the CDC's page on influenza for the answer to this question.
Three major influenza pandemics swept the globe during the 20th century causing millions of deaths. No one knows when the next pandemic may strike or which variation of the influenza virus it will be, but many scientists believe it is only a matter of time before the next one occurs. Experts from around the world are watching the H5N1 Avian (bird) Flu situation in the Middle East, Europe and Asia very closely and are preparing for the possibility that the virus may begin to spread more easily and widely from person to person.
If a new and severe strain of influenza were to begin spreading around the world, Kansas would not be spared from its impact. The severity of the next pandemic cannot be predicted, but modeling studies suggest that its effect in the United States would be severe. In the absence of any control measures (vaccinations or antivirals), it has been estimated that a medium-level pandemic in the U.S. could cause:
In Kansas, estimates of impact of pandemic influenza include:
Current flu vaccines will not protect against a new pandemic strain of the flu virus. Because it takes several months to develop and distribute a vaccine for a new strain, a vaccine probably would not be available in the early stages of a pandemic. If a pandemic occurs, it is expected that the U.S. government will work with many partner groups to make recommendations to guide the early use of the vaccine.
Antiviral medications can be used to treat and/or prevent influenza A viruses. However, flu strains can become resistant to antiviral medications. For example, only one antiviral medication works against the H5N1 Avian Flu virus identified in human patients in Asia in 2004 and 2005. The supply of this antiviral medication is very limited worldwide, and no pharmaceutical company in the United States manufactures it.
Protect yourself against the spread of the flu and other germs and viruses:
Visit the CDC's Healthy Habits to Help Protect Against Flu page for more information.
When preparing for a possible emergency situation such as pandemic influenza, it is important to consider the basics of survival, including fresh drinking water, food, clean air and warmth. Since it may be necessary to protect yourself and others from being infected with the virus, you may have to remain in your home for several days. The checklist below contains item that will be important to your survival and comfort if you cannot leave your home and people cannot enter:
Pediatric Emergency Ready Kansas (PERK) is our statewide pediatric facility recognition program. It's completely voluntary and there is no fee to apply or be recognized. All emergency departments in Kansas are welcome and encouraged to apply!
Facilities that participate in a pediatric medical recognition program are more likely to be compliant with accreditation compliance requirements for pediatric patients.
Facilities that have participated in a statewide pediatric facility recognition program have a higher average weighted pediatric readiness score than non-participating facilities.
Facility participation in pediatric facility recognition has been linked to better pediatric care provision and improved family and patient perceptions of the care provided.
Interested facilities can download the Application Packet and Eligibility Requirements (PDF). Once the desired recognition level has been determined, the facility will submit a completed application packet to the PERK team. The facility will then be contacted by one of the PERK survey team to provide links to the secure submission platform for document upload, and to schedule a site survey date for the Emergency Department visit.
Note: At this time site visits will be conducted virtually through a video-conferencing platform.
If you have any questions or want to discuss the process in greater detail please email Dayna Hull or call 785-213-1454.
In general, plans, specifications and a public water supply permit application must be submitted to KDHE for review and approval prior to the start of construction. Depending on the scope of work to be completed, other information may also need to be provided to KDHE in order to complete the plan review.
In addition to plans, specifications and a public water supply permit application information pertaining to water quality, water rights, ownership or perpetual easement must also be provided for review prior to the start of construction. Depending on the scope of work to be completed, other information may also need to be provided to KDHE in order to complete the plan review.
Project plan sets are to be printed on 11 by 17-inch paper.
Subject to limited exceptions, the Kansas State Board of Technical Professions (KSBTP) requires the use of licensed professional engineers for services or work constituting the practice of engineering. Work products produced by a licensed professional engineer must be prepared and sealed according to the requirements of the KSBTP. Avoiding the use of a licensed professional engineer may compromise the technical requirements of a water supply design and may result in less than adequate facilities.
Public water supply permits are issued by the Engineering and Permits upon receipt of a favorable post-construction final inspection report from the KDHE District Office in your area. The exception would be when the completion date and construction cost has been provided for a project that requires a permit but not a final inspection.
Yes. The certifications pertain to the safety of chemicals added to and the surfaces that come into contact with water in the production, storage, and delivery of potable water.
No, only public water supply wells.
No. Connecting to another water supply systems constitutes the development of a new source of water which requires submittal of a plan review for approval.
No. The submittal of a permit application to KDHE for review is only required if the total length of all waterline to be constructed, including service line, is equal to or greater than 1 mile in length. However, plans and specifications are always required to be submitted to KDHE for review and approval regardless of the total length to be constructed.
The minimum protective buffer distance is 100 feet. Greater distances may be required depending on how susceptible the well could be to neighboring activities.
Horizontal separation distance must be at least 10 feet as measured from edge to edge of the pipes. Vertical separation must be at least 2 feet (clear space) between the waterline and the sanitary sewer. Where a waterline crosses a pressure sewer line (sewer force main), there must be at least 2 feet vertical separation (clear space) at the crossing with the waterline always crossing above the pressure sewer line (sewer force main). The stated separation distances also apply to parallel runs and crossings, respectively, for water and sewer service lines.
Separation distance for a waterline (or water service line) is the same, 10 feet as measured from the outside of the pipe to the outside of the manhole.
Email the Chief of the Engineering and Permits Unit for assistance with completing the KDHE waste stream summary review and disposal method consensus process.
Yes. Final inspections need to be coordinated with the reviewing engineer in the Engineering and Permits Unit and the KDHE District Office in your area.
View the minimum design standards (PDF) and download as a single document or as a series of documents. The single document is large so it is important to verify that your system can download and store/print large documents.
Visit the Environmental District Offices page to find out more.
Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) is a project between the Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The purpose is to find out why some babies are born healthy and others are not. To gather this information, mothers answer questions about their health and life around the time of their pregnancy.
Your answers and participation in the project will help us learn more about ways to improve the health of both mothers and babies in Kansas.
Your name was picked at random from the state births for the month that you received the questionnaire. Only a small number of women are chosen to help with this project. By choosing names at random, we are able to get a general idea of the health of moms and their newborn babies. In other words, we are not picking just one type of person or situation - all situations are important and it is likely that your story will be like other women that were not chosen.
You should participate in PRAMS for these reasons:
Yes, all answers are private to the extent allowed by law. All answers given on the questionnaire become grouped together and no woman will be identified by name.
Absolutely - it is very important! There are only a small number of women that are chosen to answer the questions. Therefore, each woman's answers are important. We will get the best overall picture of the health of Kansas moms and babies if all mothers selected complete and return the questions!
So many things in a mother's life affect her pregnancy. These questions are designed to try to get the best picture of the new mother's health care and other things that happened in her pregnancy.
PRAMS data can be requested using the Kansas Department of Health and Environment, Public Health Informatics data request system. Addition questions can be directed to the Kansas PRAMS team email.
Contact a member of the Kansas PRAMS team by email or toll-free at 844-353-9249.
Yes, if all required elements of the public notification are included in either the text of the CCR or an attached separate notice page and a printed copy of the CCR and public notification are made available to all users of the water supply whether or not they have access to a computer. Please note that CCR notices may only be a secondary method for publicizing MCL violations that occurred in the previous calendar year.
The system provides piped water for human consumption and has at least 10 service connections or regularly serves at least 25 individuals daily at least 60 days out of the year.
View our flowchart.
Daily and every time a bacteriological sample is collected at the sample site.
0.2 mg/I “Free” chlorine or 1.0 mg/I “Combined” or Total Chlorine.
20 pounds per square inch (psi)
10% to 15%
View fees for analysis () that are listed in Kansas Administration Regulation 28-14-2.
Yes, all Public Water Supply systems are required to have a certified operator. Please visit the Water and Wastewater Operator Certification website for more information.
Bacteriological results must be maintained for 5 years. Chemical analysis must be maintained for 10 years.
Yes, KAR 28-15-18 requires that all Public Water Supply systems develop emergency response plans. Click here to view the guidance for developing these plans.
If the incident occurs during normal business hours, inform the KDHE District Office closest to your location or notify the Public Water Supply Section in Topeka. If the incident occurs after business hours, call the KDHE Environmental Emergency line at 785-296-1679.
KDHE’s Environmental Laboratory Improvements Office website lists accredited laboratories that comply with the Safe Drinking Water Act requirements.
Community Water Systems.
At least once every six years, more frequently if contaminants are found above certain levels.
Reporting suspicion of disease or lab results by phone is not required. For urgent issues, contact the epidemiology hotline at 877-427-7317.
Health care providers and laboratories are required to notify KDHE regarding patients with suspected or confirmed reportable diseases. Each person licensed to practice the healing arts or engaged in a postgraduate training program approved by the state board of healing arts, licensed dentist, licensed professional nurse, licensed practical nurse, administrator of a hospital, licensed adult care home administrator, licensed physician assistant, licensed social worker, and teacher or school administrator are required to report. The list of reportable diseases is defined by Kansas statute (K.S.A. 65-118, 65-128 and 65-6001 through 65-6007; and by K.A.R. 28-1-2 and 28-1-18).
If you are a mandated reporter who is aware of a suspected or confirmed case of COVID-19, but your facility did not conduct a laboratory test, you are not required to report the patient to KDHE. For example, if you are a school nurse who is aware of a student that tested positive at a local clinic, you do not need to report the student. The laboratory conducting the SARS-CoV-2 test is required to report results to KDHE.
Firms must be licensed by KDHE. To become licensed, renovation contractors must submit an application and fee payment to KDHE. An application can be found on the Applications/Forms page. Once licensed, the firm will be able to advertise that they are a KDHE licensed company under the RRP program and you will be given authorization to use KDHE's Licensed Renovator Firm logo. If you would like to have a copy of the logo, please send an email request to the Residential Lead Hazard Prevention Program.
Renovations covered by the rule must be performed or directed by a Certified Renovator. Individuals can become a certified renovator by completing a one-day training course in Lead-Safe Work Practices (LSWP); view a list of KDHE accredited training providers. All applications for licensure must be received within 1 year from the completion date of your LSWP training class. If it has been over a year since your training, you will be required to take a 4-hour refresher course.
Note: if you have already taken a Lead-Safe Work Practices class by a non-KDHE accredited training provider, you will be required to take an online exam before becoming licensed to perform work in Kansas.
A list of licensed firms can be found on the Licensing and Certification page. You can also send us an email or call 866-865-3233 to speak to a staff member who can assist you to find out if a firm is licensed.
Processing time of applications is generally around 7 days as long as all information submitted on the application is correct and completed. You will be notified of any missing information needed and will have 30 days to submit any additional documentation.
All renovation work that is included in the Renovation, Repair and Painting Rule (RRP) must be done by a licensed firm only. All work must be ceased until your company and employees are properly trained and licensed.
As of April 09, 2010, Kansas was authorized to run our own RRP program. You are only required to be licensed in Kansas if you are performing the work in Kansas. If you are also working outside of Kansas, you will need to contact the Environmental Protection Agency to see if you are required to be licensed with them or if that state has their own RRP program.
Your tenants cannot perform the work on the property unless they are a licensed renovator and either employed by or licensed as a renovation firm. Rent is considered compensation under the rule.
The regulations differ in the following ways:
One calendar month.
Number of samples required depends upon water source type and population served. View our chart online.
Please take your sample on the next Monday, Tuesday, or Wednesday that does not fall on or around a holiday. The sample must be collected within the scheduled month.
View a list of private labs to sample well water or test for Cryptosporidium, or Giardia.
Make sure that you keep these up to date at all times. If there are any changes please make sure that the Public Water Supply Section is notified at 785-296-6340. The lab prepares kits for mailing about 6 weeks ahead of the collection date, so it is very important that you update your information as soon as possible. You can also print off a PWS Contact Change Form (PDF) and return it to:KDHE - Bureau of Water1000 SW Jackson StreetSuite 420Topeka KS 66612
If your water system collects 6 or fewer routine samples per month, bottles are mailed from the KDHE lab to you via the U.S. Post Office on or around the 15th of the previous month. If you collect 7 or more routine samples per month, they are mailed to you via UPS on or around the 20th of the previous month. Your kits should arrive to you around the 1st of the month in which you need to collect them.
If the date, time, collection location or the collectors name is missing, we will call you one time using the number we have on file. We will leave a message with the clerk, secretary or answering service for you to call us. You will have until Noon the next day to return the call, or we will reject the sample and send you a replacement (Yellow - REPL card) kit for you to collect another sample.
Yes. Please do not rinse the bottle. The manufacturer adds sodium thiosulfate to each bottle prior to sterilization. Depending on the environmental conditions, the sodium thiosulfate could be liquid droplets or dry out and leave a powder. The sodium thiosulfate removes the chlorine from the sample and works in either liquid or powder form.
If the cap is loose but the safety seal is still intact, then the bottle should be okay! If the lid has fallen off, or you have a concern about the bottle integrity, then call 785-296-0971 for a new bottle.
If you have Total Coliform or E coli detected in a routine water sample:
Three repeat samples are required to be collected within 24 hours of learning of positive result if possible. One Repeat sample is required to be collected from the original coliform-positive site, one from within 5 service connections upstream of the original site, and one from within 5 service connections downstream of the original site.
Hospitals receive direct grant funds, ranging between $8,000 and $11,000, depending on grant year to use towards:
To be eligible for these grants, a hospital must:
Early Intervention services and supports are provided at no cost to families.
Early Intervention services are individualized to enhance a child's growing and learning and can include:
Early Intervention supports and services are embedded within the child's home and community such as child care center, nursery school, play group, and/or Head Start program.
Visit the Kansas Resource Guide Helpline or call 800-332-6262.
All community water systems and non transient non-community water systems that add disinfectant other than UV light, and transient non-community water systems that treat water with chlorine dioxide are subject to Stage 2 DBP Rule requirements. This also includes consecutive systems that deliver water treated with a disinfectant other than UV light.
Compliance for Total Trihalomethanes (TTHM) and Haloacetic Acids (HAA5) is determined with Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCLs) using the calculated Locational Running Annual Average (LRAA). For an LRAA, an annual average is calculated at each monitoring site. MCLs for TTHM and HAA5 are 0.080 mg/L and 0.060 mg/L, respectively.
The sample date listed on lab paperwork is a suggested sample collection date. You have the entire month of your given sample month to take your DBP sample. Please note, though, that DBP samples must arrive at KHEL no later than Wednesday within the same sample week, with only 24 hours in transit. Samples therefore must be collected on a Sunday, Monday, or Tuesday in any given week of your sampling month. Also, samples must be completed within your assigned sampling month. Samples collected outside of your assigned sampling month are only allowed if operational procedures (such as a chlorine burnout) coincide with your sampling schedule and if KDHE is notified of these procedures before they occur.
You may sample on another day in your scheduled sample month. The sample date listed on lab paperwork is a suggested collection date. If you are unable to sample in your scheduled sampling month, contact the Public Water Supply Section at: 785-296-5514. If you miss sampling in your assigned sampling month, your water system may be subject to a Failure to Monitor violation.
If the free chlorine burnout is occurring in or near your scheduled sampling month, contact the Public Water Supply Section so that we can adjust your sampling schedule. Please note that sampling during or closely after a chlorine burnout in either your system or a system that you purchase water from often result in very elevated DBP values that can cause your water system to invoke a DBP Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) violation.
If your DBP samples are rejected, Kansas Health and Environment Laboratories (KHEL) will automatically send your water system replacement bottles. If you have further questions regarding why your samples were rejected, contact KHEL at: 785-296-1620 and the Public Water Supply Section at: 785-296-5514.
Systems may qualify for reduced monitoring if their LRAAs at all monitoring locations for TTHMs and HAA5 are no more than 0.040 mg/L and 0.030 mg/L, respectively. In addition, systems that are required to monitor for TOC must maintain annual average TOC levels of 4.0 mg/L or less in source water at each treatment plant in order to qualify.
Systems may remain on reduced monitoring as long as their quarterly LRAAs for TTHMs and HAA5 remain no more than 0.040 mg/L and 0.030 mg/L, respectively (for systems with quarterly reduced monitoring) or their TTHM and HAA5 samples are no higher than 0.060 mg/L and 0.045 mg/L, respectively (for systems with annual or less frequent monitoring).
If monitoring results indicate that a system is no longer eligible for reduced monitoring, the system must resume routine monitoring or begin increased monitoring the quarter immediately following the monitoring period in which the system exceeded the specified levels for reduced monitoring.
If your system qualifies for reduced monitoring, KDHE will notify you via mail.
Contact Kansas Health and Environment Laboratories (KHEL) at: 785-296-1620 and the Public Water Supply Section at: 785-296-5514 so that we can get you a replacement bottle as soon as possible.
Samples may be taken on a Sunday, Monday, or Tuesday, and sent into the lab by Wednesday within the same sample week. Samples also cannot be in transit for longer than 24 hours, as samples must remain cold to be valid.
Vital Statistics: Legacy birth data (1994 to present) is extracted nightly from Vital Statistics. On average, 95 to 98% of all parents consent to include their child's record in KSWebIZ through the birth registration process. This data includes birth certificate demographics and the birth dose of hepatitis B.
Medicaid Billing System: Vaccinations billed to Medicaid are imported into KSWebIZ nightly. (Vaccinations billed since 1994 have been imported.)
Historical (Legacy) Data Imports: When an immunization provider decides to use the system, historical (legacy) electronic data is imported into KSWebIZ when possible so that manual data entry can be avoided.
Direct Entry Providers: Patient demographic data, historical vaccinations, and administered doses are updated in real-time at the time of service.
Schools: School personnel access the system to update demographics, historical vaccinations, and track school immunization rates with parental consent.
Interface Providers: Providers with an electronic medical record (EMR) system that has the capability can search and update the registry electronically.
When someone tests positive for a sexually transmitted infection (STI) a Disease Intervention Specialist (DIS) will offer Partner Services. These are free and confidential sexual health services offered by the Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE). Partner services are offered to people who test positive for certain STIs, including syphilis, HIV, and monkeypox. Partner Services are offered to help prevent the spread of STIs and to prevent people who have been treated for STIs from getting infected again.
DIS contact people with STIs and their sex partners to:
· Answer their questions about STIs
· Help connect people with treatment if they have not already been treated
· Notify partners they may have been exposed to an STI
· Help partners get tested and treated for STIs
DIS reach out to people in several ways, including phone calls, social media, and in-person visits. If a DIS contacts you to offer Partner Services or notify you of a possible STI exposure, you may ask to speak with a supervisor to verify their identity. You may also request that DIS show you their health department badge or business card. Here you can find a list of all DIS in Kansas, including their phone numbers.
DIS are required to verify the identity of the person they are speaking with before disclosing any private health information. DIS verify identity by confirming your birthday. Your personal health information is protected by the medical privacy law, HIPAA, so DIS will never reveal your private health information to anyone but you.
No. A DIS will never disclose your information to any of your partners, including your name, gender, or when they may have been exposed. All information discussed during Partner Services is confidential and protected by HIPAA.
Yes, you can tell your partners that you have an STI and encourage them to go to their health care provider for testing and treatment. DIS may still ask for your partner’s information so that they can follow up with them to answer any questions they may have and to help connect them with the correct testing and treatment. DIS can help you plan and practice what to say to your partners. If you do not feel safe telling your partners yourself and fear a negative or dangerous reaction, a DIS can tell them for you while still protecting your identity.
Even if you are treated and your partners have no symptoms, there is still a chance they have the STI. If your partners are not treated for STIs, they may be able to infect you again. Even if you do not plan on having sex with that partner again, it is still important for them to be tested so they don’t infect someone else. Many STIs can be very serious if left untreated, and people deserve to know if they may have been infected. Then they can get treatment as soon as possible and avoid passing the infection on to others.
DIS offer partner services to make sure that everyone who may have been exposed to an STI is offered the correct information, testing, and treatment. STIs can be very severe if left untreated, sometimes causing blindness, brain and organ damage, or even death. If they have an untreated infection, they may spread the infection back to you or to others, including unborn and newborn babies if they are pregnant. DIS will never tell your partners any of your personal information.
Just as a DIS will not disclose any of your personal health information to anyone but you, DIS also cannot disclose the private health information of the person who tested positive for an STI due to HIPAA. The person who named you cared about you enough to provide your information to the DIS so that you can tested and treated for STIs, which can be very serious if untreated.
If your well is located within the study area and you have not received a letter, please request a study sample kit.
Traumatic injury causes physical disability and death. Traumatic injury has surpassed disease as a leading public health concern, hitting our children and elders the hardest. It is the leading cause of unintentional death for Kansans ages 1 to 44.
When you suffer a serious injury you need timely public access via:
All of this reduces the chance that you will become severely disabled or die.
For every injury death, there are 260 injury-related emergency room visits. Rushing a child to the emergency room is probably the most harrowing experience of anyone's life. It is critical to know your Kansas Trauma Centers (PDF).
Yes, and especially in rural and frontier regions. Our family and friends who live in rural parts of the state face delays in being found if they are injured, longer EMS response times, greater distances to a trauma center, and limited access to specialty resources. All of these factors put them at a higher risk for disability or death.
We take a systematic approach to provide care to the injured patient. So we can match the patient to the right resources for their injury in the shortest amount of time possible, the Kansas Trauma System strengthens a network of relationships between:
It's your participation and input that makes this network operate smoothly.
In 1999, the Advisory Committee on Trauma (ACT) was established by Kansas statute (K.S.A. 75-5663 to 75-5670). The Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) was tasked with administering the program and thus the Kansas Trauma System was born. From there, Trauma regions were outlined and dubbed "Regional Trauma Councils" and executive committees were chosen among peers to lead each council of general members.
A Trauma Registry database was put in place. Representatives from a variety of professional organizations including hospital associations, medical societies, EMS, nurse associations and legislators serve on the ACT to help guide the overall direction of the system. KDHE then develops the rules and regulations necessary to carry out the decisions.
To answer your question, we're a little over 20-years-old. We like to think our program is entering its "college years" and that means making those life-defining decisions all 20-year-olds make.
The Kansas Trauma System is making decisions that affect your life, behind the scenes of course:
All of these are to ensure the system works better for injured Kansans and the practitioners who care for them.
View our Get Involved page to see what you can do to help.
In accordance with Senate Bill (SB) 180, the Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE) can no longer process gender identity amendments to birth certificates.
If KDHE previously changed your birth certificate to align with your gender identity, that birth certificate is still valid; however, if a certified copy of that record is requested, then the new copy must reflect the sex assigned at birth, in accordance with SB 180. Learn more about the impact of SB 180 (PDF).
Yes. If the birth certificate currently in your possession reflects a sex different from that assigned at birth, you may continue to use that as your record of birth; however, if a certified copy of that record is requested, then the new copy must reflect the sex assigned at birth, in accordance with Senate Bill 180. Learn more about the impacts of SB 180 (PDF).
If your first, middle, or last name is misspelled, not changing, you will need to provide our office with an original or certified copy of one document dated before your tenth birthday that shows your name as it should appear on your birth certificate. We also need a notarized request stating what you are wanting our office to amend on your birth certificate. View a Sample of a Notarized Statement (PDF).
If your first, middle, or last name is changing you would need to obtain a court order legal name change. Once you have obtained that court order you would then need to mail the certified order our office along with a cover letter. The cover letter needs to include your name at birth, date of birth, and what you are wanting our office to do.
With regard to the required documentation, we suggest certified copies of any of the following:
You will need to provide our office with an original or certified copy of two documents dated before your tenth birthday which show your correct date of birth. We also need a notarized request stating what you are wanting to amend on your birth certificate. View a Sample of a Notarized Statement (PDF).
If your first and/or middle names are missing from your birth certificate, you will need to provide our office with one certified document dated at least five years ago which shows your name as it should appear on your birth certificate. We also need a notarized request stating that you want to amend your birth certificate. View a Sample of a Notarized Statement (PDF).
If your last or entire name is missing from your birth certificate, you will need to provide our office with two certified or original documents dated at least five years ago that shows your name how it should be listed on your birth certificate. We also need a notarized request stating that you want to amend your birth certificate. View a Sample of a Notarized Statement (PDF).
To switch your first and middle name around on your birth certificate, you will need to provide our office with one certified document dated at least five years ago which shows your name as it should appear on your birth certificate. We also need a notarized request stating that you want to amend your birth certificate. View a Sample of a Notarized Statement (PDF).
If you have had a name change that would change your name on your birth certificate, then you will need to provide our office with a certified copy of the name change order and a cover letter stating what you want done.
Note: You only want to change your name on your birth certificate if your name change is intended to change your birth name.
People who get married do not need to change their birth certificates. Your birth certificate is to show your birth name (maiden name). Your marriage certificate or license is your proof that you have taken your spouse’s name.
You will need to obtain a court order of paternity to list your father's name on the birth certificate. Your mother and father will need to be made a party to the court action. Once the court action has been completed, you will need to provide our office with the certified court order. We will also need additional information on the father:
Note: If your mother was married to someone else other than your natural father while she was pregnant with you (from conception to birth) or if there is another man's name listed on the birth certificate as the father, that man will also need to be made a party to the court action. The court will need to determine that he is not the natural father and terminate his rights to the birth certificate.
Mail everything to:Amendment UnitOffice of Vital Statistics1000 SW JacksonSuite 120Topeka, KS 66612-2221
The fee to amend a birth certificate is $20. This does not include the charge for a certified copy.
If KDHE previously changed the birth certificate to align with your child's gender identity, that birth certificate is still valid; however, if a certified copy of that record is requested, then the new copy must reflect the sex assigned at birth, in accordance with SB 180. Learn more about the impact of SB 180 (PDF).
Yes. If the birth certificate currently in your possession reflects a sex different from that assigned at birth, you may continue to use that as the record of birth; however, if a certified copy of that record is requested, then the new copy must reflect the sex assigned at birth, in accordance with Senate Bill 180. Learn more about the impacts of SB 180 (PDF).
If the child is under the age of 18, and there is no father or second parent listed on the birth certificate, and the mother or parent listed was not married to anyone between conception and birth, both parents can complete a VS211 Form (PDF). Both parents would need to appear before a judge of a district court in Kansas and complete the Paternity Consent Form for Birth Registration. To start this process, we recommend contacting your local county courthouse in the state of Kansas.
If the mother was married between conception and birth or there is another parent listed on the birth certificate the parents would need to provide our office with a court order of paternity. This situation will require a court order with both men listed as a party to the court action and the other father/parent would need to be given notice.
Note: If completing the VS211 form you're not required to have an attorney to appear before the judge and there are no court fees. Contact the clerk of the district court to set up an appointment to use this form. You will need to take a certified copy of the child's birth certificate with you and some form of identification for both parents. Once the form has been completed at the courthouse, the clerk will mail it to our office.
If you want to change the child's last name to that of either parent's name, and the child is under the age of 18, the parents can appear before a Kansas judge in any courthouse in Kansas and complete a VS211 Paternity Consent for Birth Registration Form (PDF).
If you want to change the child's last name but both parents cannot appear before a Kansas judge in any courthouse in Kansas you will need to obtain a court order legal name change to a minor following K.S.A. 60-1402 through your local county courthouse. You may need the assistance of an attorney or legal aid for this procedure. Once the legal name change has been granted, you will need to submit the certified court order to our office along with a cover letter stating what you are wanting us to do.
If the parent(s) do not reside in the state of Kansas they will need to obtain a court order legal name change to a minor at their local courthouse. You may need the assistance of an attorney or legal aid for this procedure. Once the legal name change has been granted, you will need to submit the certified court order to our office along with a cover letter stating what you are wanting us to do.
If you have already been to court and determined paternity/parentage or established child support, you will need to mail our office the certified court order. We will also need additional information on the father/parent 2 including:
Once we have the request, we will review it to make sure that the court order is in compliance with state statutes and regulations. At that time, we will notify you if additional documentation and/or fees are needed.
The hospital will probably name the child either baby boy or baby girl therefore, you will need to obtain a court order legal name change to a minor. You may need the assistance of an attorney or legal aid for this procedure. Once the legal name change has been granted, you will need to submit the certified court order to our office along with a cover letter stating what you are wanting us to amend.
If you are correcting not changing a parent name the parents can appear before a Kansas judge in any courthouse in Kansas and complete a VS211 Paternity Consent for Birth Registration Form (PDF). If the parents do not live in the state of Kansas and are unable to complete the VS211 form they will need to obtain a court order that directs our office to correct the parent(s) name on the child's certificate.
Within 90 days of birth our office would need a notarized affidavit from both parent or a court ordered legal guardian. In addition, our office would need one certified document showing the correct information.
After 90 days of birth our office would need a notarized affidavit from both parents or a court ordered legal guardian. In addition, our office would need two certified documents dated before the child's 10th birthday that shows the correct information.
Within 90 days of birth our office would need a notarized affidavit from both parents or a court ordered legal guardian. In addition, our office would need one certified document showing the correct information.
After 90 days of birth our office would need a notarized affidavit from both parents or a court ordered legal guardian. In addition, our office would need two certified documents dated at least five or more years ago showing the correct information.
Mail everything to:Amendment UnitOffice of Vital Statistics1000 SW JacksonSuite 120Topeka, Ks 66612-2221
You will need to provide our office with a certified copy of the party's birth certificate as proof of the correct name or date of birth. We will also need a notarized request from both parties stating what is to be amended on the marriage certificate. If one party is not available someone with knowledge of and facts of the marriage and divorce can complete the notarized request. View a Sample of a Notarized Statement for the Parties (PDF).
You will need to provide our office with a certified copy of the marriage license. We will also need a notarized request from both parties stating what is to be amended on the marriage certificate. If one party is not available someone with knowledge of and facts of the marriage and divorce can complete the notarized request View a Sample of a Notarized Statement for the Parties (PDF).
You will need to provide our office with a certified copy of the decree of divorce from the county. We will also need a notarized letter from the either party, or both stating what needs to be changed. View an Example of a Notarized Letter (PDF).
Since that item was already amended once, it will now require a court order to change again. Once the court order is completed, you must submit a certified copy of that court order to our office for the change to be made.
The fee to amend a divorce certificate is $20. This does not include the charge for a certified copy.
You will need to provide our office with a certified copy of the birth certificate for the party's' whose information is incorrect. We will also need a notarized request from both parties stating what is to be amended on the marriage certificate. View a Sample of a Notarized Statement for the Parties (PDF).
You will need to provide our office with a notarized letter from both parties stating that the marriage license needs to be corrected. View a Sample of a Notarized Statement for Both Parties (PDF). We will also need a notarized letter from the person that performed the marriage stating the correct information or the duplicate from the courthouse showing the correct information. Access a Sample of a Notarized Statement for the Person That Performed the Marriage (PDF).
Note: If the person that performed the ceremony is unable to sign because they are deceased, we can accept affidavits from one of the witnesses to the ceremony.
The fee to amend a marriage certificate is $20. This does not include the charge for a certified copy.
The Kansas Health and Environmental Laboratories (KHEL) discontinued coliform testing of private well samples on August 1, 1989. Assuring the safety of private drinking water supplies really requires an assessment of the well location and construction as well as a site assessment for potential contaminants. For example, a poorly constructed well could be free of contaminants one day and then become highly contaminated the next after a heavy rainstorm washes contaminants into the well. Testing a single sample analysis is not a true indicator of the overall safety or purity of the water.
View a list of private labs to sample well water for Cryptosporidia or Giardia on the Environmental Laboratory Accreditation page.
Make sure that you keep these up to date at all times. If there are any changes please make sure that the Public Water Supply Section (PWSS) is notified:
The lab prepares kits for mailing about 6 weeks ahead of the collection date, so it is very important that you update your information as soon as possible. You can also print off a PWS Contact Change Form on the KDHE, Bureau of Water, Public Water Supply Section and return it to:
If your water system collects 6 or less routine samples per month they are mailed from the KDHE lab to you via the U.S. Post Office or UPS on or around the 15th of the previous month. If you collect 7 or more routine samples per month they are mailed to you via UPS on or around the 20th of the previous month. Your kits should arrive to you around the 1st of the month.
If you do not receive your collection kits by the 10th of the month, call 785-291-3075 for a replacement.
Pay close attention to the date of collection on the submission form. We send the bottles out 10 to 15 days early and they can arrive in the month previous to the collection date. If you collect this bottle before the designated collection month, you will have collected too many samples in one month and not enough the next month and you will be out of compliance for the next month.
If the collection date, time, location, chlorine residual, or the collector's name is missing we will call you, one time, using the number we have on file. We will leave a message with the clerk, secretary, or answering service for you to call us. You will have until noon the next day to return the call or we will reject the sample and send you a replacement kit and you will have to collect another sample.
If you realize that you left off information after sending your sample, you can call the lab at 785-291-3075, and we can update your form when it arrives at the lab.
Yes. The manufacturer adds sodium thiosulfate to each bottle prior to sterilization. Depending on the environmental conditions, the sodium thiosulfate could be liquid droplets or dry out and leave a powder. The sodium thiosulfate removes the chlorine from the sample and works if it is in liquid or powder form.
If the cap on your bottle is loose, but the safety seal is still intact, then the bottle should be okay! If the lid has fallen off, or you have a concern about the bottle integrity, then call 785-291-3075 for a new bottle.
If you have a Total Coliform or E Coli Positive sample from a routine water sample:
The number of "TR" samples you receive is based on how many routine samples you collect each month:
These samples will be mailed to you around the first of the month they are to be collected. They can be collected throughout the month anywhere on your site plan and collected as you would a routine sample. It is advised to collect them on a Monday, Tuesday, or Wednesday not preceding a holiday. They must all be returned to the lab by the end of the scheduled month. Failure to collect and return five samples in a month following a positive sample will result in a monitoring violation.
Please call the lab at 785-291-3075 and we will send a replacement kit if needed.
Do not send the bottle if you know it will be too old. Do not use the submission form for a future sample. However, we would like to have the submission form for our records, so write "VOID" across the form along with a short note indicating the reason and who you talked to on the phone. To save postage, you can just send the voided form in with your next sample.
You may take it at any place on your registered site plan, but it is good practice to recollect it at the original location.
There are many different aquatic organisms that have historically been called “algae.” Though there are some similarities in the different forms of “algae” (they are aquatic and can photosynthesize), these organisms have a wide range of physical attributes. Our scientific understanding of these organisms has increased through time, and we now recognize the term “algae” as a non-scientific description of organisms that are not necessarily related.
“Blue-green algae” are actually bacteria and are thus even more distinct from other types of algae. Blue-green algae are simple aquatic organisms that exist naturally in marine and freshwater waters, rivers, lakes, and ponds. When they are present in low numbers, they are a normal part of a healthy ecosystem.
The terminology for harmful algal blooms can be confusing, as many are used interchangeably.
Blue-green algae can also be known as cyanobacteria. Some researchers prefer the term “cyanobacteria” as blue-green algae is a type of bacteria.
An “algal bloom” refers to a dense growth of any type of algae. A “harmful algal bloom” refers to a dense growth of algae that has the potential for creating toxins or other nuisance compounds. “Harmful algal bloom” is often condensed into the acronym “HAB.” Some researchers have started using the phrase “CyanoHAB” to further define a harmful algal bloom that consists of blue-green algae.
At times, blue-green algae can reproduce very rapidly, creating a dense growth known as a bloom. Some species or strains of blue-green algae produce toxins, which can be released when they become stressed and/or die. It is still not fully understood why these compounds are produced - whether they are adaptations that benefit the organism, or whether they are merely by-products of some other important process. Some other types of algae can also produce harmful blooms; the famous marine “red tides,” produced by overgrowth of red algae, are an important example.
Blue-green algae are the culprits behind harmful algal blooms (HABs) in Kansas. They can have the ability to produce toxins, and even non-toxic blooms can cause skin irritation. Not all strains of a given species produce toxins, but most of the potentially harmful blue-green algae that have been seen in Kansas belong to one of three genus groups: Microcystis, Aphanizomenon, and Dolichospermum (formerly called Anabaena).
Due to the potential size of the blooms created by these groups and the possibility of the toxin production, a blue-green algae bloom is often known as a harmful algal bloom, or HAB. If the water is scummy, has a thick mat of growth, or is foamy, it can be an indication that there is a HAB present. Another indicator of a potential HAB is the color. The water could be colored pea-green, blue, or blue-green, and a cyanobacterial bloom can look like a vivid paint spill or floating grass clippings.
Blue-green algae are a natural part of water-based ecosystems. They become a problem when nutrients (phosphorus and nitrogen) are present in concentrations above what would occur naturally. Under these conditions, algae can “bloom,” or grow very quickly to extreme numbers. Summer heat and calm water can increase the likelihood of bloom occurring because blue-green algae are specially adapted to take advantage of such conditions.
Because HABs are of national and international importance, many agencies and organizations post and publish relevant information. Please refer to the Links of Interest page on our site for a selection of these.
To view a presentation on general information about harmful algal blooms, refer to this video presentation by Ed Carney.