If your baby does not pass the hearing screening at birth, it does not necessarily mean that the baby is deaf or hard of hearing. Fluid or vernix inside the baby's ear, for example, or too much noise in the room can affect results. In fact, most babies who do not pass the newborn screening have normal hearing.
About 1 or 2 in every 100 babies will not pass the initial hearing screening at birth and will need tests with an audiologist who has experience working with babies. This testing should include a more thorough hearing and medical evaluation, and be completed as soon as possible. Be sure to talk with your baby’s doctor about scheduling further tests if your baby does not pass the hearing screening at birth.